Cervical Cancer

  • 1. Introduction to Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Cervical cancer initiates from the cervix, the lower and narrow part of the uterus connecting the vagina. The primary cause of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection that can be prevented by vaccination. The abnormal changes are the slow changes leading to can...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 2. Causes of Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Cervical cancer occurs due to DNA mutations within normal healthy cells in the cervix. These mutational changes make the cells grow with abnormal proliferation without causing the death of the cells. The primary cause of cervical cancer is the occurrence of sexually transmitte...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 3. Statistics of Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary The incidence rates of cervical cancer decreased by more than 50% from the mid-1970s to the mid-2000s because of an increase in screening, which can detect cervical changes before they turn cancerous. Cervical cancer is usually diagnosed between the age of 35 and 44. The decli...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 5. Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Risk factors influence the chance of developing cancer among individuals, but individuals with no risk factors also develop cancer. Risk factors concerning cancer growth in the cervix are due to multiple reasons. According to a recent study, cancer hospitals have identified pr...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 6. Prevention of Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Some primary preventive measures are considered essential to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. Some common preventive measures for cervical cancer include HPV vaccination, having routine Pap tests, avoiding smoking, delaying the first sexual intercourse until the late teens o...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 7. Screening of Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Screening of cervical cancer identifies the changes in cervix cells resulting in cancer. Cervical cancer screening involves cervical cytology (also known as Pap test) and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. Usually, 37 years is the tentative period for cervical cells to become ...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 8. Symptoms and signs of Cervical cancer
  • Executive Summary Cervical cancer patients are diagnosed based on signs and symptoms. The symptoms and signs appear with early-stage cervical cancer. Some of the common signs and symptom of cervical cancer include bleeding after intercourse, pelvic examination or douching, unexplained, persisten...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 9. Diagnosis of Cervical cancer
  • Executive Summary Different tests are available to diagnose cervical cancer, which depends on signs and symptoms, age and health status, types of cancer suspected, and earlier medical tests. Biopsy and imaging tests are the common diagnostic approach for cervical cancer. Some other diagnostic te...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 10. Types of Cervical Cancer
  • What are the types of Cervical cancer? Every Cervical Cancer patient is different. Cervical Cancer starts due to the abnormal growth of cells that line the cervix. If not treated at an early stage, these abnormal cells turn cancerous. Cervical Cancer types are of two primary forms: Squamou...
  • Types of Cervical cancer
  • 11. Stages of Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary The staging system of cervical cancer helps determine the tumor's location and its metastasis. The staging system formed by the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology is used for cervical cancer. Staging is the conclusion of a physical exam, biopsies, and imaging...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 12. Types of treatment for Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary The different types of standard treatments for cervical cancer are explained in detail. Standard treatments are used along with the integration of effective treatment planning. Clinical trials are used as an innovative treatment approach that combines different therapies and dr...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 13. Clinical trials of Cervical cancer
  • Executive Summary Clinical trials are considered a better method for treating cervical cancer. The evaluation of new drugs, different combinations of treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new therapies are integrated into cervical clinical trials. New treatments with be...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 14. Latest research on Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Several research studies have been conducted to seek more information on cervical cancer, their related prevention methods, their diagnostic process at the initial phase, and the best treatments strategies. Doctors have examined new drugs that control tumor growth in a better w...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 15. Coping with Cervical cancer treatment
  • Executive Summary Cervical cancer treatment results into causing various side effects and alterations to the patient’s body. The results of treatment show variations as per the individuals. Sometimes the same treatment strategy used for a particular disease condition evolves with different eff...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 16. Follow-up care for cervical cancer
  • Executive Summary Follow-up care for cervical cancer refers to the after-treatment protocols conducted by the healthcare team to look after recurrence, manage the side effects, and monitor the patients’ overall health. Both medical and physical examinations are included in the follow-up care o...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 17. Survivorship for Cervical Cancer
  • Executive Summary Survivorship begins immediately after the diagnosis of cervical cancer. The individuals under treatment and whose disease conditions are cured after the treatment are referred to as the cancer survivors. Survival is considered one of the most challenging aspects of cervical ca...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 18. Cervical Cancer Frequently Asked Questions
  • When making up your mind about treatment, you must know every detail about the treatment you opt for. It would be best to ask questions about anything about cervical cancer that you don’t understand. Don’t forget to ask the healthcare team questions during and after cervical cancer treatment...
  • Cervical Cancer
  • 19. Additional Resources for Cervical cancer
  • Here are a few links to help you find more about cervical cancer. https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/cervical-cancerhttps://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-cancerhttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cervical-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352501https://www.webmd.com/cancer/cervical-c...
  • Cervical Cancer