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FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions

General

What is cancer?

When some cells in our body grow without control and invade surrounding tissues, it is called cancer. Cancer cells can spread from one part of the body to a distant part, if treatment is not done.

In which body parts can we have cancer?

There are no organs or body parts that are completely safe from cancer. Cells in the body are always dividing, and when cell division occurs, there is always the possibility of excessive cell division, that causes cancer. Body parts like breasts, lungs, colon, brain, bones and prostate are commonly affected by cancer, whereas cancer in the heart, appendix, spleen or placenta are extremely rare.

Who can get cancer?

Anyone can get cancer. It affects people of all ages, including children. However, the risk increases with age. Nearly 9 out of 10 cancers are diagnosed in the 50s and older age group.

Where can I get financial support for cancer treatment?

Several government schemes are providing financial assistance to patients in need, for care in various hospitals throughout the country. Many non-profit organisations provide financial assistance for cancer treatment.  Nowadays, pharmaceutical companies run patient assistance programs where they provide financial support to cancer patients in need.

We, at ZenOnco.io, are here to support you with financial needs for your cancer treatment. To get in touch with us, please share your details here, and we will take care of it.

What things should I specifically take care of if I am a caregiver to a cancer patient?

Some of the responsibilities of a cancer caregiver include helping your patient with day-to-day activities, scheduling their hospital appointments, accompanying them to hospitals, staying with them if they are hospitalized, maintaining their finances, helping them to make decisions, taking care of their specific nutritional needs, ensuring that they exercise to stay fit physically, and providing emotional and spiritual support.

At ZenOnco.io, we recognize the importance of taking care of the caregiver. To know more about our various approaches towards the well being of the caregiver, please click here.

Why do people hesitate to consult a doctor in case they suspect a cancer symptom?

Some of the reasons why people do not consult a doctor in-spite of having doubts, include:

  • Fear of confirmation of having cancer
  • Financial burden
  • Worry about treatments such as surgery and chemotherapy
  • Difficulty in finding the right cancer care center or hospital
  • Fear of how the society will respond if cancer is confirmed

It is crucial to overcome these fears because the sooner cancer is detected, the more likely it is to be cured.

If you have any doubts on cancer, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

Types of Cancer

What are the common types of cancer?

The most common cancers around the world are:

 

Lung Cancer (2.09 million cases)

Breast Cancer (2.09 million cases)

Colorectal Cancer (1.80 million cases)

Prostate Cancer (1.28 million cases)

Skin cancer (non-melanoma) (1.04 million cases)

Stomach Cancer (1.03 million cases)

 

Most Common Cancers compared among Men and Women are:*

 

Men Women
Prostate Breast
Lung Lung
Colorectal Colorectal
Bladder Uterine
Melanoma Thyroid gland
Kidney Melanoma

 

* The order is according on approximations from the American Cancer Society, 2018 reports

What is Breast Cancer?

When cells grow out of control, in the breast, It is called Breast cancer. Breast cancer can start at any part of the breast. A breast consists of three principal parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the milk-producing glans. The ducts are tubes transport milk to the nipple. The connective tissue surrounds and holds together everything. Most breast cancers start in the lobules or ducts.

 

What is Lip, oral cavity Cancer?

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a condition in which the lips or mouth develop cancer cells. Most lip and oral cavity cancers begin in squamous cells, the thin flat cells lining the inside of the lips, and the oral cavity. Those are called carcinomas of squamous cells. As the cancer increases, cancer cells may spread into deeper tissues. The use of tobacco and alcohol can affect the risk of lip and oral cancer of the cavity. Signs of oral cancer include a sore or lump in the lips or inside the mouth.

What is Cervical Cancer?

Cancer that starts in tissues of the cervixis called cervical cancer. Cervix is the organ connecting the uterus and vagina. Cervical cancer is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be detected with regular Pap smear tests. Pap Smear is a screening test in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope. Cervical cancer is mostly caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. It is highly preventable in if regular screening tests and a vaccine to prevent HPV infections are used.

 

What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer starts in the lungs but may spread to lymph nodes or other organs throughout the body, such as the brain. Cancer from other organs might also spread to the lungs. Lung cancers are typically classified into two major groups, which are called small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer is more common.  Non small cell lung cancer typically occurs in the outer part of the lung, in glandular cells. It can also begin in  squamous cells. Small cell lung cancer typically begins in cells that line the bronchi of the lungs.

What is Stomach Cancer?

Stomach cancer also known as gastric cancer begins in the stomach. It arises as cancer cells develop in the stomach lining. Risk factors include smoking and infection by H. Pylori bacteria, or some hereditary conditions.

While stomach cancer is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, one of the major dangers of this disease is its diagnostic difficulty. Since stomach cancer usually causes no early symptoms, it often goes undiagnosed until it spreads to other parts of the body. This makes treatment more difficult.

What is Oesophagus Cancer?

Oesophageal cancer develops when an uncontrolled growth of  abnormal cells in the food pipe (oesophagus). The oesophagus is also called Gullet. It is the tube that carries food down to your stomach from your mouth. Oesophageal cancer may have no symptoms, or may be difficult to spot. Symptoms can include swallowing disorders, chest pain, voice hoarseness and chronic cough.

 

What is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a type of cancer that involves blood cells. The important categories of blood cells are red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelets. Leukemia usually affects WBC. WBCs are an essential component of immune response system the body. Leukemia can be classified into 4 types:

  1. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  2. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
  3. Chronic lymphocytic leucemia (CLL)
  4. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

 

What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is a condition in which cancerous cells are found inside, near, or on the outer layer of the ovaries, depending on the type and stage of the disease. An ovary is analmond-shaped organ, present on either side of the uterus. Ovaries store eggs, or germ cells, and produce the hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of death from cancer, in women aged 35-74.

 

What is Laryngeal Cancer?

Laryngeal cancer is a condition in which cancer cells grow in the larynx tissues. The larynx is a part of the throat, between tongue base and trachea. The use of tobacco products and excessive alcohol consumption are risk factors of laryngeal cancer. Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include a sore throat and pain in the ear. Laryngeal cancer most often occurs in people older than 55 years. Men have a greater risk of developing laryngeal cancer.

 

What is BrainCancer?

Brain cancer is an overgrowth of your brains cells,which forms masses called tumors. Cancerous, or malignant, brain tumors tend to increase very rapidly. They interfere with the way your body works, and that can be life-threatening. Brain cancer is quite uncommon, though. Individuals have less than 1 percent chance of developing a malignant brain tumor in their lifetime, according to the American Cancer Society.

 

What is Non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that starts in the lymphatic system. NHL occurs when tumors start to develop in the lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells. NHL is more common than Hodgkin Lymphoma. The key difference between the Hodgkin and Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is the presence of Reed-Sternberg cell,an irregular kind of cell. Only Hodgkin’s lymphoma contains this type of abnormal cell.

 

What is Liver Cancer?

Liver cancer begins in the liver. The liver continually filters blood circulating through the body, transforming the absorbed nutrients from the digestive tract into ready-to-use chemicals. The liver performs many other essential roles, such as elimination of toxins and other chemical waste from blood and preparation for excretion. The liver is easily accessible to cancer cells travelling in the bloodstream, because all the blood in the body has to pass through it. Most liver cancer is secondary or metastatic, which means it began elsewhere in the body.

 

What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer starts in the large intestine. The colon is the end part of the digestive tract. Typically, colon cancer affects older adults although it can happen at any age. This generally starts as small, non-cancerous benign lumps of cells called polyps forming inside the colon. Some of those polyps may become colon cancers over time. Polyps can be small and may not show any symptoms. Therefore, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer. Colon cancer is sometimes referred to as colorectal cancer.

 

What is Gallbladder Cancer?

Gallbladder cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells develop in the gallbladder tissues. Femalesare at increased risk of developing gallbladder cancer, compared to men. Gallbladder cancer signs and symptoms include jaundice, fever, and pain.Papillary adenocarcinoma or papillary cancer is a rare type of gallbladder cancer that deserves special mention.

 

What is Hypopharyngeal Cancer?

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disorder in which malignant cells develop in the hypopharynx tissues. The hypopharynx is the lower part of the pharynx or throat. The pharynx is a hollow tube that starts behind the nose, descends down the neck and ends at the top of the trachea.  Air and food pass through the pharynx to the oesophagus. Tobacco use and heavy drinking can affect the risk of developing Hypopharyngeal cancer. Symptoms include a sore throat and pain in the ear.

 

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate gland. The prostate is a tiny walnut-shaped gland in men’s pelvis. It is next to the bladder and can be checked with a digital rectal examination. Prostate cancer is diagnosed in about 1 out of 9 men, during their lifetime.

 

What is Rectum Cancer?

Rectal cancer is a disease in which cancer cells develop in the rectum tissues. The rectum is located above the anus and below the sigmoid colon. The rectum and colon are adjoining parts of the digestive system and therefore cancers of the rectum or colon are sometimestermed as colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer among worldwide.

 

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer starts when cells that make up the urinary bladder start to grow out of control.The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower pelvis. It has flexible, muscular walls that can stretch to hold urine and squeeze to send it out of the body. The bladder’s main job is to store urine.Typically this cancer affects the older adults. It can be diagnosed early and treated effectively.  It is likely to recur, so typically, follow-up testing is recommended. Blood in the urine is the most common symptom.

 

What is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a condition in which malignant cells develop in thyroid gland tissues. The thyroid is a gland near the trachea or windpipe. This is shaped like a butterfly, with a lobe to the right and a lobe to the left. The isthmus, a thin piece of tissue, binds the two lobes together. Nodules in the thyroid are normal and may not typically be cancerous. The risk of thyroid cancer may be affected by age, sex and exposure to radiation. Thyroid cancer signs include swelling or lumping in the neck.

 

Causes of Cancer

What causes cancer?

The human body has trillions of cells that combine to form skin, muscle, bone, breast and blood. Normally cells grow and divide, to create more cells when required. The cells are conditioned to die after a limited number of divisions, and should be replaced with new cells. However, sometimes, these old cells refuse to die and develop the ability to divide in excess and damage surrounding cells.  These abnormal cells eventually grow into cancer.

What are the common risk factors for cancer?

The most common risk factors for cancer include alcohol, tobacco, exposure to the sun or radiation, chemicals and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, some hormones, poor nutrition, insufficient physical activity, or being overweight. They also include things that cannot be controlled, like age and family history.

Is cancer an infection caused by a bacteria or a virus?

A bacterial or viral infection is not always the cause of cancer. Infections are linked to about 15% to 20% of cancers, worldwide. The Epstein-Barr virus can cause lymphomas and mononucleosis. Hepatitis B and C can cause liver cancers. Human papillomavirus can cause cervical cancers. Some viruses directly affect the cell DNA causing uncontrollable growth. While some infections cause long-term inflammation leading to cancer, others attack the immune system causing cancer.

 

Are people with poor health prone to develop cancer?

Cancer can affect people in poor health as well as those physically fit. People who have very poor immunity have an increased risk of developing certain types of cancer. However, most cancers are caused by a combination of factors that may include smoking, alcohol use, genetic disposition, poor health, physical inactivity, overweight, and exposure to chemicals.

We at ZenOnco.io believe that a balanced nutrition is one of the most powerful weapon against cancer. To know more about nutrition and how it increases your immunity, click here.

Why do some people get cancer and not others?

Cancer is caused by changes in the cell DNA. These changes are triggered by factors like smoking cigarettes or UV rays from the sun, for example. Doctors say that some people can tolerate more exposure to a trigger than others can. People who have a higher threshold of tolerance are less likely to get cancer compared to the one who is easily affected by such triggers. The threshold of tolerance seems to be an inherited factor.

Can smoking, tobacco and pan chewing cause cancer?

Yes, smoking a cigarette, beedi or any kind of smoke will increase your chances of getting cancer. Chewing tobacco or pan increases your chances of getting head and neck cancers, oesophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, uterus, cervix, ovary, colon, rectum, and even blood cancer.

 

Can alcohol abuse lead to cancer?

Yes, alcohol can cause various types of cancer. Alcohol itself causes harm and it does not matter what form of alcohol you drink. Drinking alcohol raises the risk of mouth cancer, cancer of the pharynx (upper throat), cancer of the oesophagus (food pipe), cancer of the larynx (voice box), cancer of the breast, cancer of the intestines and cancer of the liver. Alcohol enters our bloodstream and can cause damage throughout the body.

Can injury cause cancer?

It is a popular misconception that injuries can cause cancer. Cancer is not related to falls, fractures, broken bones or any such injuries. Sometimes a person may visit a doctor for what is thought to be an injury, and at that time, cancer is found. Yet the damage was not causing the cancer; the cancer was already there. It also sometimes happens that a person will remember an injury that happened long ago in the location cancer is found.

Are chemicals and pollutants causing cancer?

Chemical and pollutants have caused cancer but in a very small percentage of cases. Prolonged exposure to a few chemicals in some jobs may cause certain types of cancers like lung cancer and bladder cancer. Nearly all of these chemicals have been identified and are regulated nowadays.

How does cancer spread?

Cancer can spread in several ways.

  1. They can invade the adjacent tissues directly.
  2. They may use the lymph system as transportation from one organ to another.
  3. They may also travel across the bloodstream to other areas of the body.

Can it spread from one person to another?

No. Cancer is not a contagious disease and it cannot spread from one person to another. The only scenario in which cancer may spread from one person to another is in the event of organ or tissue transplant, from a cancer patient.

 

Can cancer be transmitted through sexual intercourse?

Cancer cannot be transmitted through sexual intercourse. However, cancer-causing viruses can be transmitted from one person to another through unprotected sexual intercourse. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) that causes cervical cancer in females and anal cancer in males is an example.

 

Can cancer be passed from parents to children?

It is believed that only 5-10 per cent of all cancers are transmitted from parents to children. Genetic tests for hereditary cancer can tell whether a person who has a family history of cancer also has the same cell DNA changes.

 

Do we get cancer from what we eat?

The World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has a list of carcinogens, which are substances capable of causing cancer). Foods and drinks the IARC considers carcinogenic include:

  • Alcohol
  • Processed meats
  • Meats charred or cooked at high temperatures
  • Red meat
  • Very hot drinks (hotter than 65° C)

 

We at ZenOnco.io believe that your eating habit matters when it comes to causes of cancer. To know more about health eating habits and nutrition, please click here.

Is there an epidemic of cancer?

Cancer is widespread, but it is not an epidemic. An epidemic means a very rapid increase in the number of cases, and there is no such change in most cancers. There has been a decline in some cancers, such as the stomach, and a small, steady rise in some cancers, such as breast cancer. This rise may be partially due to a stronger diagnosis.

How can you avoid getting cancer?

You can prevent cancer by following these practices:

  • Avoid tobacco.
  • Limit alcohol.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Do regular self-examination.
  • Take regular cancer screening tests.

 

To know in details about steps that you can take to avoid cancer, get in touch with us by clicking here.

How can we protect ourselves from cancer?

We can reduce the risk of cancer by:

  1. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle like avoiding cigarettes and alcohol, regularly exercising and keeping a healthy body weight
  2. Being aware of warning signs and symptoms of cancer
  3. Taking regular health check-ups

Undergoing cancer screenings and regular self-examination

Signs and Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of cancer?

Here are some of the common symptoms and indications that should be checked by the doctor, as soon as possible:

 

  • Extreme tiredness
  • Blood coming out when you cough
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • A change in bowel habit that lasts for more than six weeks
  • Unexplained significant weight loss
  • A lump or bulge anywhere on your body
  • Changes on your skin or to an existing mole (such as itching, bleeding or a change in shape or colour)
  • A sore that doesn’t heal
  • Cough or hoarseness in voice that lasts for more than three weeks.

 

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

 

Would I know if I had cancer?

Without proper diagnosis, it is very difficult to know if you have cancer. Sometimes, people with cancer do not experience any signs or symptoms at all. Others only have issues when the cancer has spread throughout their body. Therefore, it is very important to be aware of the common signs and symptoms of cancer and to look out for them. It is also necessary to undergo self-examinations and regular cancer screening tests. E.g., a lump in the breast could be a sign of breast cancer.

 

To know in details about signs and symptoms of cancer, get in touch with us by clicking here.

 

I think I have cancer. What should I do now?

If you notice anything that might be a cancer symptom, talk to a doctor and get the symptom tested. The disease is easier to treat when you detect it early. Even if there no symptoms, but you think you might have cancer, it is best to talk to a doctor to confirm its presence or absence.

To know in details about cancer, get in touch with us by clicking here.

Do changes in breast indicate cancer?

Changes in the breast might not necessarily indicate cancer. However, the doctor should check any change in the breast. You should look out for:

  • A lump in the breast, upper chest or armpit
  • A change in the skin, for example, puckering or dimpling
  • A change in breast colour, the breast can look red or swollen
  • A nipple change, for example, it has become inverted
  • Rash or nibble around the nipple
  • Unusual liquid (discharge) in one or both nipples
  • Changes in breast size and/or appearance
  • Pain in your breast or armpit

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

 

If a woman detects a lump in the breast, should she wait or immediately consult a physician?

When a woman discovers a lump or some other changes in her breast, she should contact her doctor without any delay, because this could be a cancerous lesion.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

Are all breast lumps cancers?

Not all of the breast lumps are cancerous. Most of the lumps are benign or harmless. Nonetheless, they need to be examined by a doctor urgently.

How does cancer make you feel?

Sometimes, you may feel completely fine when cancer starts until it has grown quite large. At times, you may suffer from extreme tiredness or fatigue, fever, or sudden weight loss. This is because cancer cells use much of your energy or release materials that alter the way your body makes energy from food.

 

Is being tired a sign of cancer?

Extreme tiredness, which does not get better with rest, is a sign of cancer. Cancer-related tiredness or fatigue is different from day-to-day tiredness. It does not usually go away with sleep or rest. It can last for a long time. However, it can be suitably treated by using various complementary treatments like onco-nutrition or herbal treatment.

 

Does cancer make your whole body hurt?

Body pain is a potential side effect of cancer treatment. You may feel pain in a particular area of your body or you may feel like all of your body aches.  They may last for a short time or they may be present for a longer period. Body pain during cancer can be treated efficiently by following various complementary treatment methods.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

Does one feel pain in the early stages of cancer?

Most cancers in their early stages do not cause pain. Some cancers only cause pain in the last stages, when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Does cancer cause flu-like symptoms?

Fatigue, chills, fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes and persistent cough are common symptoms of the flu. But, they also are common symptoms of some cancers, especially lymphoma and leukemia.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

Does having constipation indicate cancer?

Having constipation does not confirm cancer. However, it is a potential symptom of colon cancer. Constipation may also be caused by a change in your diet, poor nutritional habits, stress, dehydration or lack of physical activity. It is recommended that you should see your doctor if you have constipation for more than two weeks so that the cause can be determined.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

If one notices blood in the stool, does it indicate cancer?

If you notice blood in your stools, it means that there is bleeding in your digestive tract. Piles (haemorrhoids) or anal fissures most often cause a small amount of blood in the stool.  However, cancers of the colon or rectum can often cause bleeding.  It is recommended that a specialist should always be consulted in such situations.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

Does passing blood in urine signify cancer?

Passing blood in urine is often not due to cancer, but it should not be ignored. Blood in the urine is commonly known as haematuria. It can be caused due to kidney disorders, stones, swollen prostate, and medications like aspirin, chemotherapy drugs. Tumours in the kidney or prostate can also induce blood in the urine. In such situations, you should consult the doctor to determine the underlying cause of this condition.

If you have any doubts, call us at +91-9372976783 for a free consultation right now. You can also share your queries here and we will give you a call for free consultation.

 

Can you have cancer for years and not know?

There are instances when cancer may grow undetected in the body for 10 years or more before they were diagnosed.

Can you have cancer and feel fine?

Sometimes, in the initial stages of cancer, you might not feel any signs of being sick. Usually, you start feeling the signs when the cancerous tumor has grown large enough to start pushing against nearby organs and tissue. That can lead to pain or a change in how nearby organs work. For example, a brain tumor pressing against the optic nerve will affect vision.

 

Diagnosis

How is cancer diagnosed?

Sometimes, observing the signs and symptoms, alone, is not sufficient to confirm cancer. If your doctor suspects cancer, more tests, such as x-rays, PET/CT scans, blood tests or a biopsy, will be required. In certain cases, a biopsy is the best way to be sure of the presence of cancer.

How can cancer be detected early?

There are three ways to detect cancer early.

  1. Self-examination: Changes always happen in our body. Being aware of our usual body can help us notice when something is different like a cough that is around for a few weeks, or spotting blood in your stool or having a persistent heartburn. We should always keep an eye for such changes and get them checked by the doctor.
  2. Screening Tests: Some commonly used screening tests are colonoscopy, mammography, CA-125, PSA test, and Pap smear test. You can talk to a doctor to understand which cancer-screening tests you should take. It depends on your gender and age.
  • Confirming early symptoms. Recognizing early symptoms and getting it tested potentially leads to easier and effective cancer treatment. For example, if you spot a new mole, have it tested by a dermatologist to ensure it is not an early symptom of melanoma.

To know in details about screening tests and signs and symptoms of cancer, get in touch with us by sharing your details here.

Why should cancer be diagnosed early?

If the cancer is diagnosed early:

  • It increases the chances of prevention of cancer
  • It leads to cancer treatment with lower side effects and symptoms
  • It increases the likelihood of effective treatment and complete recovery
  • It decreases cancer mortality and increases the survival rate

 

How does a doctor confirm that you have cancer?

If you have a sign or screening test report indicating cancer, your doctor will try to figure out whether it is due to cancer or any other cause. The doctor may begin by asking about your medical history and family history and perform a physical examination. The doctor may also prescribe laboratory tests, imaging examinations, or other tests. You may need a biopsy as well, which is often the only way to tell for certain if you have cancer.

 

To know more about cancer confirmation tests or booking a test with us, get in touch with us by clicking here.

 

What are the common cancer diagnostic methods?

Some common cancer diagnostic methods are:

  • Laboratory tests: Laboratory tests include blood, urine, stool or other body fluid examination,
  • Diagnostic imaging: It includes techniques like X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, PET scan, etc.)
  • Endoscopic exams: Examples are Cystoscopy, Colonoscopy, Bronchoscopy
  • Genetic tests: Genetic tests are most commonly used to check mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which indicate breast cancer.
  • Tumour biopsies: Biopsies can be needle, endoscopic, laparoscopic, skin, excisional or incisional, according to technique used.

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

 

What questions should I ask when diagnosed with cancer?

When you are diagnosed with cancer, you should talk frankly and openly with your doctor to understand more about your condition. Here are a few questions you can start with:

  • Which type of cancer do I have?
  • What is the location of the cancer?
  • What are the common symptoms of this type of cancer?
  • How can I prevent or manage the symptom?
  • What is the stage of the cancer? What does this mean?
  • Has cancer spread to my lymph nodes or any other parts of my body?
  • What are my treatment options?
  • Which treatments, or combination of treatments, do you recommend? Why?
  • What is the goal of the treatment? Is it to eliminate the cancer, help me feel better, or both?
  • What are the side effects of the treatment?

What are Lab tests for the diagnosis of cancer?

Abnormal level of certain substances in our body can be a sign of cancer. Therefore, laboratory tests of blood, urine, or other body fluids, that measure these substances, can help doctors make a cancer diagnosis.

Some of the usual laboratory tests for cancer diagnosis are:

  • Blood chemistry test
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Cancer gene mutation testing
  • Cytogenetic analysis
  • Tumour marker tests
  • Urinalysis

 

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

 

What is Cancer Diagnostic imaging?

Diagnostic imaging is the process by which valuable images of body structures and organs are developed. It is used to identify or diagnose tumours and other anomalies. It helps to evaluate the severity of the disease and to measure treatment efficacy. Some common imaging techniques are:

  • X-Ray
  • CT scan
  • Mammogram
  • UltraSound
  • MRI
  • PET Scan
  • Nuclear Medicine Scan

 

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

 

What are Endoscopic exams?

An endoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a light at the end, and a lens or a small video camera. It is used to look into the organs of the oesophagus, liver, duodenum, lung, or rectum. It may also be used to take out body tissues for further testing. Some of the common endoscopies and the organs examined are:

  • Colonoscopy: Large intestine and rectum
  • Bronchoscopy: Lungs including the bronchi
  • Cystoscopy: Urinary bladder and urethra
  • Laryngoscopy: Larynx, a part of the throat
  • Sigmoidoscopy: Sigmoid colon (end the large intestine)and the rectum

What are Genetic tests?

Genetic testing assists in evaluating your lifetime chances of developing cancer. It does this by looking for specific alterations in your genes, chromosomes, or proteins. Those alterations are called mutations. Genetic testing is the use of medical exams to search a person’s genes for certain mutations.

 

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any genetic diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

 

What are Tumour biopsies?

A biopsy is a medical procedure that involves taking a small sample of tissue to examine under a microscope. A tissue sample is usually taken from the location of the cancer. Different types of biopsies include:

  • Needle biopsy
  • Excisional or incisional biopsy
  • Endoscopic biopsy
  • Laparoscopic, thoracoscopic, and mediastinoscopic biopsy
  • Laparotomy and thoracotomy
  • Skin Biopsies
  • Bone marrow biopsies

 

Can a biopsy tell stage of cancer?

Yes. A Biopsy can confirm the stage of cancer. Biopsy results help your doctor determine whether the tumour cells are cancerous or not. If the cells are cancerous, the results of the biopsy may tell where the cancer has originated. It also helps your doctor determine the grade of the cancer.

 

What is mammography?

Mammography is a process of taking an X-ray picture of the breast, also known as a mammogram. A mammogram is highly effective in looking for early signs of breast cancer. Even if you get a normal mammogram, you should continue taking them at regular intervals, as this would allow the doctors to compare changes in the breast and confirm a diagnosis.

 

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your mammography process. To book a mammography test with us, please share your details here.

How frequently should mammography be done?

  • Women ages 40 to 44: Start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms (if they wish to).
  • Women age 45 to 54: Should get mammograms every year.
  • Women 55 and older: Should switch to mammograms every 2 years, or can continue yearly screening.

 

What is a Pap test or smear test?

Pap smear test is a procedure to diagnose cervical cancer.  A small brush or spatula is used to extract cells from the cervix. These cells are then examined under a microscope to identify cervical cancer or cell changes that can lead to cervical cancer. It may also help to detect other conditions, such as infections from human papillomavirus (HPV).

 

Why should one approach only a qualified medical professional experienced in diagnosing and treating cancer?

It is advisable to contact a skilled and experienced medical professional to receive accurate advice and timely treatment for cancer. If you approach an unqualified person, it may delay proper treatment, which may lead to the progression of your illness.

Why does cancer diagnosis seem to be delayed in many cases?

In most cases, people are not aware of the signs and symptoms of cancer and therefore do not approach medical support in time. Sometimes, it takes a lot of time for cancer cells to multiply and produce billions of cells before a tumour becomes big enough to be detected. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of cancer signs, self-examination techniques and taking regular cancer screening tests.

Why isn’t there a universal test for cancer?

Cancer is also not a single disease, but it is a category of diseases and each type of cancer is different from the other. For example, blood cancer is very different from skin cancer. Therefore, just as there is no universal way of treating cancer, there is no universal way of detecting it, either.

Cancer Treatment

How is cancer treated?

There are several ways of treatment for cancer. The types of treatment you receive will be based on the location of your cancer and how advanced the cancer is. Some people need only one type of treatment. However, most people need a combination of treatments, like chemotherapy with surgery or radiation therapy, or both. You may also need immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) also has a crucial role in the treatment of cancer.

 

At ZenOnco.io, we ensure quick consultations with doctors. To consult an oncologist now, please share your details here.

 

Can cancer be completely cured?

Yes, early detection and treatment of cancers may lead to complete cancer cure. According to doctors, cancer is considered to be cured when it does not show any trace for five continuous years. With daily evolving diagnostic and treatment methods, cancer cure is now becoming more attainable. Integrative cancer care that includes both standard cancer treatment and complementary cancer care work together in achieving a higher percentage of cancer cure.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

Does cancer ever go away on its own?

It has been seen that sometimes cancerous tumours disappear on its own. It does not mean that the cancer has cured itself. In such situations, it is very important to consult a doctor to look for the origin of the cancer or the next target of the cancer. It is also wrong to wait for a cancer to cure itself. Untreated cancer can lead to worse symptoms and even the end of life.

How do doctors decide how to treat cancer?

When a patient is diagnosed with cancer, the oncologist considers the following to determine the best course of treatment:

 

  • Type, Stage and Grade of the cancer
  • Available treatments for cancer.
  • Other medical conditions of the patient.
  • The overall health of the patient.
  • Decision and consent of the patient.

 

At ZenOnco.io, we ensure quick consultations with doctors. To consult an oncologist now, please share your details here.

Why do people with the same cancer get different treatment and have different problems?

Two persons might have the same types of cancer but each cancer has its own genetic identity, created by the DNA in its cells. Even in a tiny tumour, there are billions of cells, each different from the other. Someone’s cancers may grow and spread faster compared to others. Therefore, they respond to treatment in different ways. Many cancers are best treated with surgery; some respond more to chemotherapy. Often two or more therapies are used to achieve the best outcomes.

 

Do children have better chances of cure than adults do?

Childhood cancers are not identical to adult cancers. Children’s bodies and the way they respond to treatments are different. Children’s cancer cells respond better than adults do to the treatments. Children can often tolerate larger doses of chemo drugs for shorter periods before side effects occur. In comparison with adults, children seem to recover fully sooner from treatments.

Is cancer treatment worse than cancer?

It is a misconception that treatment can be dangerous to many people. It influences whether they decide to get treatment for cancer or not. People who believe that treatment is worse than cancer may not receive care that can save their lives. If cancer progresses without care, the symptoms worsen and new symptoms develop over time. Later, in the course of cancer, curative care may not be an option any more.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

How does life change after cancer treatment?

When cancer treatment ends, people begin a new chapter in their lives, one that can bring hope and happiness. At times, you may be concerned that the cancer might come back. You might have some physical or mental limitations. Nevertheless, surviving cancer is a major accomplishment and it will result in a continuous growth of your inner strength.

What is remission?

Remission means your cancer signs and symptoms are decreased. It can be partial or full remission. All signs and symptoms of cancer vanish during a full remission. According to doctors, your cancer is cured, if you live in full remission for five years or longer.

What is recurrence?

Sometimes, cancer may come back after its initial treatment. This is called a cancer recurrence or a cancer relapse. The probable relapse is because a few of the original cancer cells may have survived the initial treatment. Sometimes, it seems like a relapse because cancer cells spread to other areas of the body, and were too small to be identified during initial follow-ups.

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

 

What are the available modalities for treating cancer?

The basic cancer treatment modalities include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Complementary and Alternative Therapy (CAM)

 

Sometimes one modality is enough for cancer treatment. At other times a combination of two or more methods are used for effective treatment. For faster and enhanced cancer management, conventional cancer treatment is used in combination with CAM; it is called Integrative cancer care.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

What is the surgery in cancer?

Cancer surgery means removing the tumour and adjacent tissue during an operation. It is usually done by the onco-surgeon, who cuts into the body and removes the cancer along with some healthy tissue in the surrounding region, to ensure that the cancer is removed. The surgeon may also remove certain lymph nodes in the area to determine if the cancer has spread.

 

What is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer, which uses medicine to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs disrupt the growth and division of cancer cells. Most chemotherapy drugs are transmitted through the blood. Which means they can enter cancer cells in any part of the body. Chemotherapy drugs affect some of your body’s healthy cells as well. These healthy cells can normally recover from chemotherapy damage. However, cancer cells cannot recover and eventually they die.

 

What is radiotherapy?

Radiation therapy (also known as radiotherapy) is a treatment for cancer that uses high radiation doses to kill cancer cells and reduce tumours. Radiation therapy kills cancer cells by damaging their DNA, which slows their growth. Cancer cells whose DNA is impaired, either stop dividing or die. When the damaged cells die, the body breaks them down and removes them. Radiation therapy does not immediately kill cancer cells. Treatment takes days or weeks before DNA is destroyed enough to destroy cancer cells.

What is hormone therapy?

Hormone therapy is used to stop or decrease the development of cancer tumours by blocking the ability of the body to produce hormones or by interfering with hormone action. Hormone therapy is mostly used in the treatment of breast, prostate and endometrial cancers. Hormone therapy may reduce the chance that cancer will return. It may also be used to reduce symptoms in men with prostate cancer, who are unable to perform surgery or undergo radiation therapy.

 

What is immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses an individual’s immune system to fight cancer. It can enhance or change the functioning of the immune system so that it can find and attack cancer cells. Some types of cancer immunotherapy include targeted antibodies, cancer vaccines, adoptive cell transfer, or tumour-infecting viruses. Immunotherapy is used for cancer treatment as well as for prevention. To improve the effectiveness of immunotherapy, it is used in combination with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

How is surgery done?

Sometimes, surgeons use small , thin blades, or scalpels, and other sharp tools to cut off the body during surgeries. Often, surgery requires cutting through the skin, muscles and sometimes bone.The surgeon extracts the whole cancer or a part of it, while you are under anaesthesia. Usually some healthy tissue around the cancer is also removed. Removing this healthy tissue helps improve the chances of removing all of the cancer.Occasionally, the surgeon can also cut lymph nodes or other tissues near the tumour to examine and confirm whether the cancer has spread.

 

What types of cancer are treated with surgery?

Surgery works best for solid tumours that are encompassedtogether in specific location. It is a local procedure, meaning, surgery is performed to treat that only part of the body where the cancer is located.Surgery is not used to treat leukaemia or any form of blood cancers.

 

What are the side effects of surgery?

Some side effects may occur during and after surgery. Usually, these side effects are not expected to be life threatening. You may have:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to nearby tissues
  • Drug reactions
  • Damage to other organs
  • Pain
  • Infections
  • Slow recovery of other body functions

 

Is surgery painful?

Usually surgery is performed after giving appropriate anaesthesia. Therefore, no pain is felt during the procedure. However, after surgery, almost everyone has a certain amount of discomfort. Level of pain depend on the type of surgery, size of the tumour and also your ability to tolerate. There are many ways to treat the surgical pain, using medicines or complementary therapies.

Can chemotherapy cure cancer?

The probability of your cancer being cured by chemotherapy depends on what type of cancer you have. Testicular cancer and Hodgkin lymphoma are examples of cancers where chemotherapy works very well. Sometimes, chemotherapy cannot cure cancer on its own. However, combined with other treatment methods, its effectiveness increases. For example, many people with breast or bowel cancer have chemotherapy after surgery, to help reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.

 

How many rounds of chemo can a person have?

Chemotherapy is usually not a one-time treatment. You may have to complete a course of chemotherapy, which includes several chemotherapy cycles. One chemotherapy course usually takes 3 to 6 months. Each course may have 4 to 8 cycles of treatment at regular intervals.

 

Is chemo given daily?

Chemotherapy can be given daily, weekly, or monthly. However, it is given at regular intervals or cycles.  For example, you may have chemotherapy in the first two weeks, and then have a break for one week. You will again start chemo in the fourth week, making it a cycle that lasts for three weeks. The break time helps your body to develop new healthy cells and to recover energy.

 

How long is a chemo session?

Each session of chemotherapy varies in length and frequency, and depends on your treatment plan. One session may take half-an-hour to five hours. A day before your planned chemotherapy session, you may have to undergo some blood tests to ensure whether a session of chemotherapy can be completed. Sometimes, depending on your blood results, a chemotherapy session may be postponed or cancelled.

 

What are the side effects of chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is a personalised experience. Each person responds to chemotherapy in a unique way, physically as well as emotionally. Each person experiences side effects differently. Different chemotherapy drugs cause different types of side effects. Fortunately, as cancer research has progressed, so has the technology of treating side effects of treatment. They can be managed by using various clinical as well as non-clinical therapies.Below are some of the more common chemotherapy-induced side effects:

Fatigue

Hair loss

Easy bruising and bleeding

Anemia

Nausea and vomiting

Appetite changes

Constipation

Diarrhea

Weight changes

 

Is chemotherapy treatment painful?

Chemotherapy does not cause any pain while being administered. If you experience any pain, contact the nurse taking care of you to check your IV line.Some chemotherapy medications can cause unpleasant side effects, such as muscle and joint pain, headaches and pain in the stomach. This type of pain can be managed after treatment ends. Your doctor will tell you what medicines to use to relieve the pain. Complementary therapies can also be used to manage such side effects.

Will I be able to tolerate Chemotherapy?

Every person experiences chemotherapy differently, physically as well as emotionally. Fortunately, as cancer treatment science has advanced, so has the science of administering side effects of treatment. In the first few hours after chemotherapy, most people feel fine. Some side effects like nausea and vomiting and breathing trouble usually happen around four to six hours later. At times, after treatment, some people do not react until 12 or even 24 to 48 hours. Some people suffer from multiple side effects while some suffer none.

 

How do you know chemo is working?

Your oncologist will monitor the reaction of your body during and after the chemotherapy cycles. To decide whether the tumour is shrinking or growing, they can use tests such as physical examinations, blood tests or imaging scans like X-rays and CT scans. If your treatment is not working, your doctor might change your chemotherapy dose or supplement chemo with other treatments.

 

If I have many side effects, does that mean the chemotherapy is working?

Side effects do not indicate whether a treatment is working or not. Side effects are unwanted, adverse effects, which are caused when treatments damage healthy cells along with cancer cells. A patient may respond to treatment with or without side effects. Sometimes, a patient may not respond to a treatment even with side effects. To determine the effectiveness of a cancer treatment, doctors generally conduct imaging scans to assess the size of the tumour, after every two to four treatment procedures.

 

How is radiation therapy done?

Radiation therapy are of two types:

  1. External-beam radiation therapy treats the tumour using radiation by a machine outside the body. Every session is fast and painless, and lasts about 15 minutes. People typically have treatment sessions 5 times a week.  This schedule runs for three to nine weeks. This kind of radiation therapy only targets the tumor. But some healthy tissue around the tumor will also be affected.  Each week, the 2-day treatment break helps the body to repair the damaged health cells.
  2. Internal radiation therapyis also known as brachytherapy. This includes the placement of either temporary or permanent radioactive sources in the tumor location. You will typically get repeated therapies over a number of days or weeks. It may require a brief stay in the hospital. You may need anesthesia to block pain while placing the radioactive sources inside the body. During treatment most people feel little to no discomfort. But, due to anaesthesia, some may experience weakness or nausea.

What types of cancer are treated with radiation therapy?

Radiotherapy can be used for many types of cancer. A few of them are head and neck cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, brain tumour, breast cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, eye cancer, thyroid cancer, pancreatic cancer, bone cancer, lymphoma and leukaemia.

 

At what stage of cancer is radiotherapy used?

Radiation therapy could be used in the early stages of cancer as well as after it has started to spread. Radiotherapy is generally considered the most effective treatment for cancer after surgery, but how well it works varies from individual to individual.

 

How long is a session of radiation therapy?

Every radiation therapy session lasts about 15 minutes. It is fast and painless. People usually have treatment sessions for 5 days in a week. This schedule runs for three to nine weeks.

What are the side effects of radiotherapy?

Do you lose your hair with radiotherapy?

Hair follicles are highly sensitive to radiation, and your treatment may cause hair loss. Most patients will experience hair loss about three weeks after the start of the radiation within the treatment area. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, depending on how much radiation you receive and other treatments you may have, like chemotherapy. If your hair loss is temporary, it is likely to regrow from three to six months after completion of your procedure.

 

How does radiotherapy make you feel?

After a few weeks of radiation therapy, most people start feeling tired. That is because radiation therapy is damaging the healthy cells as well as the cancer cells. Normally, fatigue gets worse as treatment continues. Stress from being sick, and frequent hospital trips can worsen fatigue. Managing tiredness is an important aspect of treatment. A Complementary and Alternative Medicine approach (CAM) can effectively manage cancer-related fatigue.

 

Is radiation therapy painful?

Most patients have no feeling of radiation when the treatment is being given. A few patients report a slight sensation of heating or tingling in the area when the radiation machine is running. The skin in the area being treated may slowly get dry, sore, or itchy over time. Such sensations can be unpleasant but are tolerable and does not disrupt a person’s treatment.

How is hormone therapy done?

Hormone therapy includes taking medicines that stop cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to develop. In some cases, doctors surgically remove the gland responsible for hormone production. Your doctors can combine hormone therapy with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

 

How long do I need to take hormone therapy?

The duration of hormonal therapy depends on if you were taking it before or started taking after surgery. It also depends on the types and stage of the cancer and any side effects you may have.  For instance, in some cases of breast cancer, your doctor may recommend that you followone specific hormonal medicine continuously for 5 years and continue with another one for next 5 years.Again, in prostate cancer it is seen that hormonal therapy is prescribed for 6 months, 18 months or 3 years.

 

What are the side effects of hormone therapy?

Since hormone therapy interferes with the functioning of specific hormones in the body, it can cause side effects. For example, hormone therapy medications used to cure prostate cancer may cause erectile dysfunction. Some potential side effects of hormone therapy include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Hot flashes
  • Loss of bone density
  • Weight gain
  • Mood swings

Do you lose your hair with hormone therapy?

Hormonal cancer therapy can sometimes cause a person’s hair to get thinner. It normally does not cause complete loss of hair. After starting therapy, the hair can get thinner in about several months or it may occur after few years.  The following hormonal treatments have a higher risk of inducing hair loss.

  • Anastrozole
  • Fulvestrant
  • Letrozole
  • Octreotide
  • Tamoxifen

 

How is immunotherapy done?

Immunotherapy may be given in the following ways:

  • Intravenously
  • Orally
  • Topically
  • Intravesically

 

What types of cancer are treated with immunotherapy?

Cancers that are commonly treated with immunotherapy include:

  • Lung cancer
  • Some skin cancers (particularly melanoma)
  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Head and neck cancers
  • Lymphoma

 

How long do I need to take immunotherapy?

Duration for immunotherapy treatment depends on the type of cancer being treated, how advanced it is and your goal of treatment. Sometimes, two immunotherapy medications are administered together. In a repeating cycle, you may get immunotherapy treatment every 2–3 weeks, with each treatment period followed with a rest period. Sometimes, even long after the treatment ends, immunotherapy medicines keep working.

What are the side effects of immunotherapy?

Some common side effects of immunotherapy are:

  • Skin reactions
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Muscle aches
  • Shortness of breath and trouble breathing
  • Swelling of legs
  • Sinus congestion
  • Headaches
  • Diarrhoea

 

Do you lose your hair with immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy drugs may cause slower hair growth, hair thinning, or dry and brittle hair. Some drugs like CTLA-4 and PD-1 receptor inhibitors may cause complete hair loss. Hair loss can develop between a few weeks to 2 to 3 months after starting treatment. Sometimes immunotherapy drugs cause unwanted hair growth in different areas of the body, rather than hair loss. For instance, excessive hair on the face or long, curly eyelashes may develop.

 

Side Effects of Cancer Treatment

What are the common side effects of cancer treatment?

Everyone responds to cancer treatment in his or her unique way. Some do not suffer from side effects or they can tolerate side effects to a large extent. Others can face an even harder road. Some of the most common side effects of cancer treatment are listed below:

  • Anxiety
  • Changes in appetite
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Grief
  • Hot flashes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Sleep disruption
  • Stress
  • Bleeding and Bruising
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea

 

How can the side effects of cancer treatment be managed?

Many medications are available for treating the side effects of cancer treatment. Everyone responds to treatment differently, and experience side effects differently. Talk about the side effects to a doctor and they can make you feel better. If side effects continue and are not easily managed, your doctor may lower your treatment dose. You may want to consult a specialist in complementary and alternative medicine who can help manage the symptoms, using various techniques such as proper nutrition, counselling, physiotherapy, etc.

 

Unmanaged cancer treatment symptoms may cause patients to postpone or avoid therapy altogether. Patients should promptly report symptoms to their care providers because symptoms may be a sign of a more serious problem requiring action, also because the longer a symptom remains unmanaged, the greater will be the patient’s distress and the harm to wellbeing.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

Is the hair loss related to chemotherapy or radiotherapy temporary or permanent?

If you lose hair during treatment, it will usually grow back a few months after treatment has finished, but sometimes hair loss is permanent. At lower doses of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, hair loss is often temporary, but at higher doses, hair loss can be permanent.

 

Is cancer-related tiredness different from day-to-day tiredness?

Cancer-related tiredness or fatigue is quite common. 80 to 100 per cent of cancer patients report tiredness. The tiredness that people with cancer feel is different from the tiredness of everyday life. It may not go away with sleep or rest. Some people may feel too exhausted to eat, go to the bathroom or even use a television remote. It can be difficult to walk around or even think, at times. However, it can be managed through medications, self-care and healthy nutrition.

 

How to manage Appetite Loss?

Treatments for cancer may reduce your appetite or change the way food tastes or smells. Side effects such as problems with the mouth and throat, or nausea and vomiting can also make eating difficult. To minimize the appetite loss you can:

  • Eating six small meals
  • Eating nutrient-dense high-protein, high-calorie foods
  • Small adjustments in seasonings
  • Mild, brief exercise can stimulate the appetite.
  • Acupuncture
  • Some traditional herbal teas may stimulate appetite:4
    • Catnip
    • Ginger
    • Fennel
    • Peppermint
  • Gentian extract may stimulate appetite
  • Supplementation with zinc or omega-three fatty acids may be helpful.

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

How to manage Bleeding and Bruising?

Some cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, can increase your bleeding and bruising as side effects. You can manage these by:

  • Replacing certain medicines like Aspirin and Ibuprofen
  • Taking extra care to prevent bleeding by applying lotion or balm
  • Keeping the bruises clean by covering them with a clean cloth and putting ice on them

 

How to manage Constipation?

Constipation means having irregular bowel movements and stools that can be hard, dry, and difficult to pass. Constipation is a side effect of chemotherapy. To manage constipation, you should:

  • Eat high-fibre foods
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Try to be active every day
  • Use medicine prescribed by doctors

 

How to manage Diarrhoea?

Diarrhoea means experiencing soft or watery bowel movements more often than usual. Treatments for cancer, or even cancer itself, may cause diarrhoea. Diarrhoea that leads to dehydration or loss of too much body fluid and low salt and potassium levels can be life-threatening. Diarrhoea can be managed by:

  • Drinking plenty of fluid each day
  • Eating small meals that are easy on your stomach
  • Taking prescribed medication for diarrhoea
  • Keeping your anal area clean and dry.

 

How to manage Fatigue?

Treating specific cancer-related problems, such as anaemia or pain, could make you feel better. Sometimes adjusting the medicine doses you are taking or switching to another drug can help. Exercise, yoga, massage therapy, counselling and dietary or nutritional therapy may also be used to minimize cancer-related fatigue.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

How does a complementary approach help in managing fatigue?

Several complementary approaches can be helpful for fatigue. Some evidence-based integrative therapies with that are effective in managing fatigue are:

  • Acupuncture
  • Panax ginseng
  • Massage therapy from a therapist trained in oncology massage
  • Mind-body approaches including these:
  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)
  • Hypnosis
  • Qigong
  • Tai chi
  • Yoga
  • Regular physical activity
  • Therapies based on a philosophy of bioenergy fields:
  • Reiki

How to manage Hair Loss (Alopecia)?

Some types of chemotherapy and radiotherapy can cause the hair on your head and other parts of your body to fall out. It can be managed by:

  • Treating your hair gently
  • Considering cutting your hair
  • Using scalp cooling caps
  • Planning for a head covering like wigs
  • Applying medicine like Minoxidil

How to prevent Infection?

An infection is the invasion and growth of germs like bacteria, viruses, yeast, or other fungi. It can start anywhere in the body, may spread all over the body. You can prevent infection by:

  • Washing your hands often and well
  • Staying extra clean
  • Avoiding germs

 

In case you still have an infection, it is best not to treat it on your own and get it managed by your doctor.

 

How to manage Memory or Concentration Problems?

If you have difficulty in remembering things, thinking or concentrating, you or a family member needs to tell your doctor about it. Here are several steps you can take to handle minor issues with memory or concentration:

  • Plan your daily to-do tasks at the time of day when you feel best and take enough rest
  • Exercise your body and mind to decrease stress and help you to feel more active.
  • Remember things by writing them down and using a daily planner or recorder

 

How to manage Nausea and Vomiting?

Nausea is when you feel sick to the stomach, as though you are about to throw up. Vomiting is throwing up in an attempt to empty the stomach. It can be managed by:

  • Taking an anti-nausea medicine
  • Drinking plenty of water and fluids
  • Avoiding foods that increase your nausea
  • Using complementary medicine practices like:
    • Acupuncture, acupressure and electro-acupuncture
    • Ginger tea and some herbal teas
    • Aromatherapy
    • Mild exercise
    • Eating appropriately
    • Mind-body approaches including imagery and relaxation strategies

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

How to manage Pain?

Pain is occasionally caused by cancer itself or by the side effects of cancer treatment. Pain management is an important part of the cancer care plan. Pain can be managed by:

  • Keeping track of your pain levels and informing your doctor about the changes
  • Taking the prescribed pain medicine
  • Consulting with a pain specialist
  • Using integrative medicine like massage therapy or physiotherapy

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

How does a complementary approach help in managing Pain?

Complementary therapies can be of great help in managing pain. Some persistent pain is better handled by an integrative approach that incorporates traditional therapies and procedures with complementary approaches like:

  • Massage therapy from a therapist trained in oncology massage
  • Mind-body approaches including:
    • Cognitive-behavioural stress management
    • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)
    • Hypnosis
    • Music therapy
    • Relaxation training
    • Support groups
    • Supportive or expressive therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Therapies based on a philosophy of bioenergy fields such as these:
    • Reiki
    • Healing Touch
  • Bioelectromagnetic therapies:
    • Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF)
    • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    • Electro-acupuncture
    • Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS)

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

Accordion

Complementary medicine (CAM)

What is complementary treatment?

Complementary treatment is a group of certain therapies that are used in combination with standard medical procedures. Complementary treatment is used to enhance the effectiveness of clinical treatment, or to cope with the side effects of clinical treatment, thus improving quality of life. For example, yoga can be used to relieve stress due to cancer treatment, or herbal therapy can be used to improve quality of life by managing side effects like nausea and vomiting, that is caused by chemotherapy.

At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through complementary treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

What is alternative medicine?

Alternative medicines are those treatments that are practisedin replacement of standard medical treatments. For example, if you are following a special anticancer diet instead of an oncologist prescribed anticancer medications, then you are practising an alternative medicine.

What is Integrative cancer treatment?

Integrative cancer treatment is the use of standard medical treatments along with complementary therapies. Integrative cancer treatment provides physical, emotional, and spiritual support; helps manage side effects; and enhances the quality of life.   Integrative oncology aims at optimizing health and clinical outcomes across a variety of cancer care. It empowers people to prevent cancer and become active participants before, during and after cancer treatment. For example, therapies such as meditation, relaxation, massage, and counselling can reduce anxiety; acupuncture can reduce nausea and fatigue induced by chemotherapy, etc.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

What are the categories of CAM?

Complementary and alternative medicine covers a broad spectrum of therapies. The most common of them are:

  • Natural Products
  • Mind-Body Therapies
  • Alternative Medical Systems
  • Manipulative and Body-Based Methods
  • Energy Therapies

What is holistic healing?

Holistic healing approaches a person’s physical, emotional, spiritual, and social aspects as they correspond to health and illness. It emphasizes on prevention; concern for the environment and the food we eat; patient responsibility. Holistic medicine covers all safe and suitable diagnostic and treatment modalities. It includes exploration of physical, nutritional, environmental, emotional, spiritual, and lifestyle factors. Holistic medicine focuses on educating patients and engaging them in the healing process. Holistic services may include doctors, osteopathic doctors, naturopathic physicians, chiropractors and homoeopathic doctors.

 

Why is holistic approach important?

Instead of focusing on the disease or a specific body part, the holistic approach considers the whole person and the way they interact with their environment. It unites the mind, body, and spirit in the healing process. The goal is to achieve maximum wellbeing where every treatment modality works at best. With a Holistic approach, people take responsibility for their level of well-being.

 

What is Medical Nutrition Therapy?

Medical nutrition therapy involves evaluating the nutrition status of an individual and providing the right foods or nutrients to treat conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. It may involve simple dietary changes, or intravenous or tube feeding. Nutritional therapy may help patients recover faster and spend less time in the hospital.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through Medical Nutrition Therapy. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

Why is nutrition therapy important in cancer treatment?

Good nutrition is essential for healthy living. Eating the right kinds of foods will make the patient feel better and remain healthy before, during and after the cancer treatment. A balanced diet contains enough foods and beverages with essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fat, and water) that the body requires. Nutritional therapy is used to help cancer patients maintain healthy body weight, maintain strength, maintain healthy body tissue and reduce side effects during and after treatment.

 

Can cancer be reversed with diet?

While eating healthy can help you feel better during cancer treatment. It makes your body stronger and more capable of fighting the disease. A healthy balanced diet is one of the most effective tools to cope with the side effects of cancer treatment. It helps improve the outcomes of cancer treatment. It helps you maintain your strength and helps to reconstruct tissues that are harmed by cancer treatment.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through balanced diet. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

Which fruit or vegetable kills cancer cells?

Eating well is one of the therapies that may help improve your cancer treatments and re-establish your health and lower your risk of recurrence. Fruits and vegetables that are high in phytonutrients, antioxidants, fibre, vitamin and minerals are found to lower cancer risk. A planned diet with varieties of fruits and vegetables can be potentially used against cancer.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

Which foods kill cancer cells?

Foods that are loaded with phytochemicals, also called phytonutrients, can prevent cancer. Berries, Broccoli, Tomatoes, Walnuts, Grapes and some other vegetables and fruits are high in phytochemical and thus good for fighting cancer. Maintaining proper nutrition before, during, and after cancer treatment is very important. You should try eating a wide variety of high-calorie and high-protein foods to minimize weight changes, heal properly, and keep the energy to cope with all the new challenges treatment can bring. You can approach an onco-nutritionist to make a dietary plan for you.

 

What is spiritual healing therapy?

Many people are interested in incorporating spiritual beliefs and practices into their treatment and health approaches. Spiritual health and well-being are associated with higher quality of life, and can improve several symptoms, including anxiety, depression, and pain. Receiving spiritual care after the diagnosis of cancer can influence positive outcomes for the patient. Joy and laughter encourage wellbeing and healing. Spiritual healing includes approaches such as prayer, attending religious services, reading passages from a sacred book, or simply expressing love and gratitude.

How does spiritual healing help a cancer patient?

A cancer patient may experience some of these benefits of spiritual healing when dealing with cancer:

  • Less depression, anxiety and pain
  • A remedy against stress
  • Reduced side effects
  • Comfort at the end of life
  • Greater feelings of personal growth

 

How does a positive attitude affect cancer treatment?

There is a clear and enduring perception that maintaining a positive outlook does indeed boost patient outcomes. Positive attitude for cancer patients can improve aspects of quality of life in many different ways. Most cancer survivors believe that positivity has helped them through cancer treatment. According to them, sitting around and worrying about the cancer makes them sad that affected their recovery.

On the other hand, some people are continuously under the pressure of staying positive in front of their family and friends. It is okay to be sad sometimes. Sadness, guilt, fear, and anxiety are all common aspects of learning how to deal with a major life change. Trying to ignore these sentiments or not talking about them can make you feel lonely.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

Does exercise help fight cancer?

A rising amount of research shows that regular exercise can significantly improve both physical and mental health throughout each treatment phase. Even if you weren’t active before your diagnosis of cancer, an exercise program that meets your unique needs can help you feel better safely and with success. There is strong evidence that there is a link between higher levels of physical activity and lower risk of several types of cancer.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through exercise regimens. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

How does exercise affect cancer?

Exercise has many beneficial effects on the body, some of which have significant associations with specific cancers. These include:

 

  • Increase effectiveness of treatment
  • Improve quality of life
  • Reduce physical and mental side effects
  • Prevent loss of muscle and build up strength
  • Better sleep
  • Reduce other cancer risks
  • Improve survival rates for certain cancers, for example breast and colorectal cancer
  • Prevent weight gain and obesity which are associated with increased risk of cancer

 

Can exercise reverse cancer?

There is now many convincing evidences of the beneficial impact of exercise on cancer and patient outcomes. Effectively applying exercise schedules within the cancer treatment modalities are likely to contribute to a reduction in the weight of cancer.Patients, who perform regular exercise, after acancer diagnosis, have a lower relative risk of cancer mortality and recurrence, compared to those who did not perform any exercise. Patients with regular exercise also and experienceless side effects.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through exercise regimens. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

 

What is the best exercise for cancer patients?

Even slightest amount of exercise or physical activity shows benefit. Exercise may include many activities, like:

  • Walking
  • Participation in active sports
  • Workout at fitness centre
  • Hobbies, such as dancing, cycling, swimming, or martial arts
  • Aerobic workouts like Zumba
  • Gardening activity, yard work or housework
  • Therapies for the movement such as Yoga, Qi Gong and Tai Chi.

 

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through exercise regimens. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.