Liver cancer

What are the stages of Liver cancer?

Staging measures the extent of cancer and whether it has spread elsewhere in the body. There are different staging systems that doctors can use to treat Liver Cancer. One of these is the Number Staging Method. It breaks down Liver Cancer into four major stages, from 1 to 4.

    • Stage 1: Stage 1 Hepatic cancer is divided into 1A and 1B. Stage 1A shows that a single tumor is 2 cm or less in the liver and may or may not have grown into a blood vessel. Stage 1B means that a single tumor has reached 2 cm and has not expanded into the vessels of the blood. The symptoms include high levels of Calcium in the blood that can cause nausea, vomiting, constipation, weakness, or muscle problems. Treatment options for stage 1 may include ablation, embolization, or both. The side effects include nausea, vomiting, fever, and Pain. But the survival rate is higher in stage 1, up to 70-80 percent.
    • Stage 2: Stage 2 Liver Cancer shows that a single tumor has reached 2 cm and has expanded into liver blood vessels. It also means that there are many tumors in the liver, and they are all smaller than 5 cm. Stage 2 Liver Cancer does not spread to the lymph nodes or other areas of the body. Symptoms include low levels of blood sugar that can cause Fatigue or faintness. Treatment options for stage 2 may include targeted treatment, immunotherapy, Chemotherapy. Side effects include loss of hair, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, tiredness, and mouth sores. The survival rate for stage 2 is 60-65 percent depending on the patient’s capacity to undergo heavy Liver Cancer treatments.
    • Stage 3: Stage 3 of hepatic cancer is split into two further stages stage 3A and stage 3B. Stage 3A means there are more than one tumor, of which at least one is larger than 5 cm. Stage 3B means cancer has spread through organs around the liver or the padding wrapped around the abdomen’s internal organs. Stage 3 symptoms include continuous bleeding, itching, and abnormal Pain. Treatment options for stage 3 may include infusion of hepatic arteries or Radiation therapy. Side effects include bleeding, yellow skin, and Pain. The survival rate for stage 3 is comparatively low to 45-50 percent.
    • Stage 4: Stage 4 of hepatic cancer is split into two additional stages-stage 4A and stage 4B. Stage 4A shows that cancer may have spread in blood vessels or organs around the liver. Stage 4B means cancer may or may not have spread to lymph nodes, but it has spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs or bones. Stage 4 symptoms include high numbers of red blood cells that can cause someone to look red and flush. Treatment options for stage 4 may include transplant hepatectomy, which helps to shrink the cancer tumor. Side effects for this treatment include dark urine, bleeding, Fatigue. The survival rate for stage 4 depends upon the Liver Cancer Treatment success. If Liver Cancer has spread to tissues or organs surrounding Liver Cancer lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 10%. The 5-year survival rate is 3 percent if cancer has spread to a distant part of the body.