What are the risk factors involved in Liver cancer?
A risk factor raises the chances of contracting a disease, like hepatic cancer. Specific cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors can be avoided, such as smoking. Others can’t be changed, like the age of a person or family history. The other Liver Cancer risk factors involve:
- Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis occurs when the liver cells are damaged, and scar tissue replaces them. Most of the cirrhosis is caused by Alcohol misuse. Other causes include NAFLD, viral hepatitis, too much iron from a condition called hemochromatosis in the liver, and several other unusual chronic liver disease forms.
- Hepatitis: Hepatitis is a virus that results in liver infection. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are the two specific forms. It is the world’s biggest risk factor for Liver Cancer. Hepatitis C has become much more common than hepatitis B, and there is no preventive vaccine for hepatitis C. It can spread through blood or body fluids from person to person, physical injury, sharing needles or tattooing. In the case of hepatitis B, if the mother has it, the chances of getting it in an unborn baby or infant increases. However, it can be avoided by infant vaccination.
- Age: Primary adult Liver Cancer most often occurs in people over 50.
- Gender: Males are more likely to develop Liver Cancer than females.
- Environmental factors: Any environmental factor, such as exposure to certain chemicals or consuming food contaminated with aflatoxin, may increase the risk of Liver Cancer. Aflatoxin is a toxin created by a mold that can grow on stored Nuts and grains.