What are the causes of Liver cancer?
Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is liver scarring due to any previous injury. This scarring can cause problems in proper liver functioning, leading to Pain. Cirrhosis raises the risk of developing hepatic cancer. The risk can vary according to the cause of the cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can occur from:
- Viral infection such as hepatitis B or C
- Alcohol consumption
- Genetic disorders such as excess iron in the body
- Fatty liver disease
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
Smoking: Smoking raises the risk of many cancers, including hepatic cancer. Smoking increases the chance of developing Liver Cancer. In smokers with hepatitis B or C infection, the risk may be higher.
Overweight: The risk of Liver Cancer increases by being overweight or obese. Diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are more common in overweight people.
Alcohol Consumption: Heavy consumption of Alcohol raises the risk of hepatic cancer. Also, Alcohol may directly affect the DNA inside the liver cells. In heavy drinkers with hepatitis B or C virus infections, the risk of Liver Cancer is higher compared with those who consume small quantities of Alcohol or don’t consume at all.
Fatty Liver: Fatty liver increases the risk of hepatic cancer. A category of disorders, including moderate hepatic steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, is a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fat builds up in the liver in these conditions. The fat causes inflammation and damage, possibly contributing to cirrhosis. It may include:
- Excess weight around the waist
- Less insulin efficiency than average
- High blood pressure
- High blood fat levels
Infection: Long-term hepatitis B or C virus infection raises the risk of developing primary Liver Cancer. This is primarily because the liver is weakened by certain viruses. Drinking Alcohol while you have hepatitis B or C increases the risk of Liver Cancer even more.
Gallstones: People who have had gallstones previously or who have removed their gallbladder may have an increased risk of hepatic cancer. The increased cause may be attributed to elevated pressure in the bile duct, causing inflammation in the liver tissue over the long term.