Treatment for Blood Cancer
Treatment for various stages of Blood Cancer
Blood Cancer can be categorized into different stages, as follows
Stage 0: At this Blood Cancer stage, the growth of cancerous cells is still located at the place where it started and has not spread to neighboring tissues. The treatment of this stage is manageable, and the tumor can be completely removed with the help of Surgery.
Stage 1: Cancer has not yet spread to lymph nodes or affected any part of the body in this Blood Cancer stage, though the number of lymphocytes has drastically increased. Biological therapy and Immunotherapy can be used to eradicate the cancerous cells from the body.
Stage 2 and 3: Growth of lymphocytes increases in this stage such that organs of the lymphatic system increase in size, including spleen, lymph nodes, liver, etc. Also, anemia is detected in this stage. At this Blood Cancer stage, Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy are needed to treat the Blood Cancer. The survival rate for Stage 3 Multiple Myeloma is 48%.
Stage 4: Cancer has reached its advanced stage and spread to other parts of the body. The number of cancerous cells is higher than healthy cells in the body. Organs such as lungs start to get affected by the abnormal cells, and anemia is now acute. The survival rate of cancer patients in stage 4 depends on their age and blood cell count. For adults, it is 65%. Blood Cancer is of different types and requires different measures to treat and cure it. Chronic Blood Cancer can be treated by daily medication as it grows slowly in the body, whereas acute Blood Cancer needs intense care and treatment immediately after detection.
Cancer treatment may also depend upon the personal choice of the patient. Following are the options available for treatment:
- Chemotherapy: The main aim of Chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy done on Blood Cancer patients kills the abnormal cells by putting a stop on their production.
- Stem Cell Transplant: Stem cell transplant aims to produce new healthy cells in the body. The stem cells could be obtained from the patient itself, a blood relative, or a donor.
- Immunotherapy: In this treatment, medicines are provided to strengthen the patient’s immune system so that they can fight and diminish the number of cancer cells in the body.
- Radiotherapy: In this treatment method, high energy waves are used to kill the abnormal cells present in a specific area, especially in lymph nodes.
- Surgery: In rare cases, Surgery to remove the patient’s spleen is required.