Wednesday, June 22, 2022

Surgery In Different Cancer Types

Surgery in Thyroid Cancer

Thyroidectomy

What is Thyroidectomy?

Thyroidectomy is surgical removal of the thyroid gland. It is the most common Surgery for thyroid cancer. It is done through an incision, a few inches long, across the front of the neck. Thyroidectomy are of two types:

Total thyroidectomy: When the entire thyroid gland is removed.

Near-total thyroidectomy: When nearly all of the thyroid gland is removed.

How is Thyroidectomy performed?

Standard thyroidectomy. The surgeon makes a small incision near the base or middle of the neck. This gives the surgeon direct access to the patient’s thyroid gland.

Endoscopic thyroidectomy. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a single small incision. The Surgery is similar to a standard thyroidectomy except that a scope and video monitor are used to guide the procedure rather than surgical loupe magnification, which is special eyewear.

Robotic thyroidectomy. The surgeon makes a cut and then uses a robotic tool to perform the thyroidectomy.

What are the side effects on Thyroidectomy?

Potential risks of a thyroidectomy include:

  • Bleeding or infection
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Permanent hoarseness or weak voice due to nerve damage
  • Injury to parathyroid glands or their blood supply, which can cause low blood Calcium levels and sometimes muscle spasms or other neuromuscular symptoms.