Friday, February 3, 2023

Histological types of cancer

What is Sarcoma?

Sarcoma refers to cancer that has its origin in supporting and connective tissues such as bones, tendons, cartilage, muscle, and fat. The most common sarcoma commonly found in young adults frequently presents as a painful mass on the bone. Tumours of sarcoma typically mimic the tissue they develop in.

Examples of sarcomas are:

  • Osteosarcoma or osteogenic sarcoma (bone)
  • Chondrosarcoma (cartilage)
  • Leiomyosarcoma (smooth muscle)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma (skeletal muscle)
  • Mesothelial sarcoma or mesothelioma (membranous lining of body cavities)
  • Fibrosarcoma (fibrous tissue)
  • Angiosarcoma or hemangioendothelioma (blood vessels)
  • Liposarcoma (adipose tissue)
  • Glioma or astrocytoma (neurogenic connective tissue found in the brain)
  • Myxosarcoma (primitive embryonic connective tissue)
  • Mesenchymous or mixed mesodermal tumour (mixed connective tissue types)