Risk factors involved in Ovarian cancer
Several risk factors contribute to the development of Ovarian Cancer.
- Age: Age is a crucial factor that causes this. About two-thirds of females aged 55 or above are diagnosed with this cancer.
- Inherent Gene mutations: About 20% of cases related to this type of cancer comprise high-grade crucial tumors that are potentially developed through inherited mutations with conferred risk. Most reputed cancer specialists recommend every woman to take relative scanning tests in their 50’s.
- Menstrual age: Females whose menstruation begins at an earlier age or menopause stage arises later than usual have an enhanced risk of developing this.
- Estrogen hormone replacement therapy: Females utilizing long-term use and extended dosages of hormone replacement therapy have a likelihood of developing Ovarian Cancer.
- Family history: The risk of developing Ovarian Cancer is enhanced in females with a first-degree family member that has a history of Ovarian Cancer. About 70% of women with a family history have the likelihood of developing Ovarian Cancer. Cancer susceptibility genes play a vital role in the development of Ovarian Cancer.
- Fertility drugs: Long-term utilization of fertility drugs can be harmful. Many studies suggest that there is an increased association between Ovarian Cancer and fertility drugs. However, more evidence is required to support this statement.
- Obesity: Obesity is one of the limiting factors that increase the risk of obtaining epithelial Ovarian Cancer. Women who have never been prescribed menopausal hormones have an increased risk of epithelial Ovarian Cancer.
- Smoking and excessive drinking: Studies have reported that the usage of Tobacco and excessive drinking enhances the risk of developing mucinous Ovarian Cancer. About 80% of ovarian tumors are developed due to smoking.
- Diet: Countless studies have reported a link between food and Ovarian Cancer. Physical inactivity and unhealthy food have a compressive association with more than 30% of epithelial Ovarian Cancer cases.