Risk factors involved in blood cancer
Through years of study and research that was done on people who have blood cancer, scientists and specialists have curated a list of risk factors that may trigger the occurrence of Blood Cancer in a person. Though these risk factors are not solely responsible for blood cancer, they may have a part in causing Blood Cancer.
- Radiation: The factor which is considered highly responsible for Blood Cancer is prolonged exposure to radiation. This is possible in laboratories, nuclear reactors, and Chemotherapy that was done for Cancer Treatment in the past.
- Exposure to toxic chemicals: Toxic chemicals such as benzene, present in hair dyes, and used as a solvent in chemical industries, insecticides, and pesticides, etc. can be a reason behind Blood Cancer.
- Genetic Disorders: People with some genetic disorders such as Down Syndrome are more prone to contracting Blood Cancer than people who don’t have any genetic disorder. This is because of the extra chromosome present in people with Down syndrome.
- Smoking: When blood cells come in contact with excessive amounts of smoke released from cigarettes, they may start to behave abnormally and begin to proliferate in large quantities, leading to Blood Cancer.
- Blood Disorders: Certain blood disorders such as polycythemia vera in which the body produces too many red blood cells, thrombocythemia, in which the body produces too many platelets, etc. can be responsible for any type of blood cancer, depending on the disorder.
- Family History: If a close relative, especially a sibling, has had Blood Cancer in the past, the chances of you getting Blood Cancer increases. This is especially seen in the case of Leukemia.