Once Radiotherapy has been ordered, a planning stage initiates. The patient will first undergo a simulation scan on a special CT scanner. IV or oral contrast can be used. In case a device is needed to keep the patient still (such as a mask), this is made at the simulation scan appointment.
The radiation oncologist then describes the area to be treated, the tumour, and the areas to be avoided. The radiation plan is created and verified by dosimetrists, radiation physicists and radiation oncologists. The plan then undergoes quality and safety checks.
The radiation oncologist, along with other team members, like nurses and dietitians, will take care of the patient during Radiation therapy and look for side effects.