Before, During and After Surgery

Before your surgery

Several steps may need to happen before a cancer Surgery to ensure that you can undergo Surgery.

Consultation with your Surgery team: You must consult the onco-surgeon or medical team before the Surgery. Your Surgery team will perform the following:

  • Check your medical records.
  • Perform a physical assessment.
  • Assess the need of Surgery.
  • Explore the risks, benefits and possible options for you.
  • Give you post-surgery instructions.

Informed consent: You will be explained about the risks, benefits and process of the Surgery. You will be asked to sign an informed consent form, which means:

  • You have given written permission for Surgery.
  • You were given information about your Surgery and other available options.
  • You have chosen to undergo Surgery.
  • You may need to apprehend that the Surgery is not guaranteed to give the projected results.

Medical Examinations: You might need to undergo certain medical examinations before the Surgery. Some blood and urine tests will be performed to determine the risk of injury or infection and to monitor kidney and liver functions. Some other medical examinations that may have to undergo are:

  • ECG
  • CT Scan
  • MRI Scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Bone Scan
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Blood Transfusion: In some situations, blood transfusions may be required. A Blood Test to identify your blood group will be required. You might also have to arrange for blood.

Quitting smoking: You are recommended to avoid smoking at least 2 weeks before your Surgery. This will help in a quicker recovery.

Foods and drinks: Consult your health care team about eating and drinking before the Surgery. In some cases, you might not be allowed to eat or drink for up to 24 hours before Surgery.

Medications: Inform your doctors about any medications you are taking. This includes all dietary or herbal supplements you are taking. Your doctor might recommend you to either stop or continue taking them before Surgery.

During surgery

Based on the type of surgery, different forms of anaesthesia used. Local anaesthesia is administered through an injection, that stuns a small area in your body. This is used in a doctor’s clinic for treatments like mole removal. A large portion of the body is numbed using regional anaesthesia. It is achieved by engulfing the nerves around the surgical area. Regional anaesthesia can achieve deliberate sedation. It lets the patients relax and sometimes sleep during the treatment

General anaesthesia is used in major surgeries. It makes a person unconscious during the Surgery. It is administered through a face mask, intravenously, or a combination of both. An anesthesiologist will place a tube in your throat during this procedure. It helps you to breathe, gives you oxygen and sometimes delivers anaesthesia. Your heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen during the operation will be monitored.

After surgery

You will be transferred into the recovery area after Surgery. The time of recovery depends on the type of operation and anaesthesia employed. You will be able to return home immediately after the operation using local anaesthesia. If regional or general anaesthesia are used, your team will carefully monitor you in a recovery room, until the anaesthesia is worn off. It takes normally 1-2 hours. After surgery, you may feel groggy for a while.

You may feel:

  • Weak
  • Sore in your throat
  • Sore at the site of Surgery or if you have a catheter.
  • Pain when you wake up. You will receive medicine from your healthcare team for Pain relief.

Contact your health team if you develop:

  • Fever
  • Excessive drainage from place of surgery
  • Persistent Nausea and vomiting