Wednesday, December 7, 2022

Ovarian cancer staging

Ovarian cancer staging

  • Stage I

Stage I cancer can be detected in both the ovaries. It is further divided into Stage IA, IB, and IC. Cancer can be detected in a single ovary or both the ovaries. About 15% of the total Ovarian Cancer is diagnosed with this stage. In rare cases, cancer can be located on the outer surge of the ovaries, outer ovary covering, and organs such as the abdomen. Stage I Ovarian Cancer has a survival rate of about 90%. Studies suggest that about 72.4% of women live for more than a year after the cancer diagnosis. The common treatments of Stage I are lymph nodes biopsy, hysterectomy, SLNB medication, salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of the Fallopian tubes and ovaries), and Surgery for removal of abdomen and pelvis tissues. The symptoms of Stage I Ovarian Cancer are nondescript and mild such as unexplained weakness and Fatigue.

  • Stage II

Stage II cancer is usually located in both the ovaries, thereby spreading to different regions of the pelvis. It is divided into Stage IIA, IIB, and IIC. Cancer usually spreads to the uterus, fallopian tubes, pelvis tissues, and ovary coverings. About 19% of the total ovarian cancers are based on Stage II. The survival rate for stage II Ovarian Cancer is 70% at 5 years. Studies suggest that 3 out of 5 women survive the Cancer Treatment for at least a year. The common treatments for Stage II Ovarian Cancer are hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, tumor debulking, Blood Tests for lymph node samples, and appropriate surgeries for the removal of affected organs. Combination Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy may or may not be the treatments after the Surgery. Common Ovarian Cancer symptoms of stage II cancer are irregular bowel movements, painful sexual intercourse, and unexplained Nausea.

  • Stage III

Stage III cancer is found in either one of the ovaries or both the ovaries and can potentially spread beyond the pelvis. It can mostly affect the lymph nodes and the abdomen. Moreover, it can spread to crucial organs like the liver. Stage III is divided into Stage IIIA, IIIB, and IIC. The tumor is usually formed in the pelvis, both the ovaries, peritoneum, lymph nodes, liver, and abdomen. About 60% of the total Ovarian Cancer cases are diagnosed with Stage III. The survival rate of Stage III cancer is 39% at 5 years. 3 out of 4 women diagnosed with Ovarian Cancer can live for at least a year after the treatment. Treatments for Stage III Ovarian Cancer are hysterectomy, Surgery for removing affected areas like the pelvis tissues, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Combination Chemotherapy is a common procedure after the Surgery. Common symptoms of Stage III Ovarian Cancer are painful sexual intercourse, abnormal bleeding, weight loss, and Fatigue.

  • Stage IV

Stage IV cancer is a highly risked cancer that spreads past the abdomen to different body parts like the liver and lungs. Cancer cells located in the lung fluid also contribute to Stage IV Ovarian Cancer. Stage IV cancer has a survival rate of about 17% at 5 years. About 3 out of 4 women survive for at least a year after the treatment. Only 6% of the total number of ovarian cancers are diagnosed with Stage IV. Stage IV Cancer Treatment solely depends on the criticalness of cancer and usually involves advanced Surgery combined with Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy. Common symptoms of this cancer stage are irregular bowel movements, unexplained fatigue, headaches and backaches, painful sexual intercourse, and abnormal bleeding.