Prevention of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Several risk factors are responsible for causing different types of cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has evolved several risk factors for its occurrence, which leads to the need for its prevention. The research has represented the fact that still, no other way exists to date for the complete prevention from Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Hence, cancer prevention is considered as the adoption of major activity in order to reduce the chances of cancer. The identification of the risk factors is the first step for reducing the chances of cancer among the patients. In the case of lung cancer, adherence to smoking habits and inheritance of the mutated gene has been known to be the major risk factors. Therefore, there is a need for adopting preventive measures against the chances of adhering to the development of cancer. Such preventive measures lead towards avoidance of the related risk factors and promoting the protective factors, which eventually lower the risk of cancer development among the individuals ​1​. Some of the major preventive measures against lung cancer has been illustrated below:

  • Avoiding the habit of tobacco and smoking helps in the effective prevention of lung cancer. Individuals who do not possess this habit tend to show a lower risk of lung cancer ​2​. Even though the individuals have been observed to show such habitual activities, the risk of lung cancer can be reduced by eliminating these activities.
  • One of the major preventive measures against lung cancer includes the intake of vitamins or other treatments which are not considered to be effective. But, among all such dietary supplements, the consumption of beta-carotene, which is the drug of vitamin A has been proved to show efficacy for the prevention of lung cancer. 
  • Eliminating the risk factors such as cigarette smoking, secondhand smoke, family history, HIV infection, environmental risk factors and beta-carotene supplements in heavy smokers have been considered as an important preventive measure towards lung cancer ​3​
  • The adoption of protective factors such as no smoking, and quitting it, lowering the exposure of risk factors at the workplace, and lowering the exposure to radon.
  • The appropriate diet and carrying out regular physical activities decrease the risk of lung cancer. 
  • The clinical trials concerned with cancer prevention have been used for identifying the ways for cancer prevention ​4​

References

  1. 1.
    de Groot P, Munden RF. Lung Cancer Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Prevention. Radiologic Clinics of North America. Published online September 2012:863-876. doi:10.1016/j.rcl.2012.06.006
  2. 2.
    Bade BC, Dela Cruz CS. Lung Cancer 2020. Clinics in Chest Medicine. Published online March 2020:1-24. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2019.10.001
  3. 3.
    Dela Cruz CS, Tanoue LT, Matthay RA. Lung Cancer: Epidemiology, Etiology, and Prevention. Clinics in Chest Medicine. Published online December 2011:605-644. doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2011.09.001
  4. 4.
    Radziszewska A, Karczmarek-Borowska B, Grądalska-Lampart M, Filip A. [Epidemiology, prevention and risk morbidity factors for lung cancer]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2015;38(224):113-118. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25771522