Neuroendocrine Tumors

  • 1. Neuroendocrine cancers
  • Summary Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies with various histology and nomenclature. NENs may include gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) cancer, Genitourinary (GU) tracts cancer and pulmonary cancer. Introduction Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are a heterog...
  • 2. Risk Factors of Neuroendocrine Cancer
  • Summary Depending on the type and stage of neuroendocrine tumor (NET), there may be various risk factors of NET which includes inherited syndromes, race/ethnicity, gender, age, tobacco smoking and other medical conditions. Introduction The cause of most neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) is unkn...
  • 3. Preventions of Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Summary There is no safe way to prevent neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). However, screening specific genetic syndromes and looking for a family history of the disease might help prevent NETs. Moreover, avoiding smoking and alcohol consumption might also help reduce the risk of NETs. Introduction...
  • 4. Signs and Symptoms of Neuroendocrine cancer
  • Summary The most common initial symptoms of neuroendocrine cancer among patients include anxiety, gastritis, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, menopause, and asthma. However, the symptoms may vary based on the site and stage of cancer. Introduction Neuroendocrine tumors...
  • 5. Diagnosis of Neuroendocrine cancer
  • Summary The diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) involves the combined diagnostic result of pathology test, biochemistry test, hormonal tests, diagnostic imaging and endoscopic imaging for getting a comprehensive clinical picture. Introduction The neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) diagnosi...
  • 6. Staging and Grading of Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Summary Until recently, there was no approved staging classification available for neuroendocrine cancers. However, nowadays, the standard TNM system of classification is used for NET staging accompanied by tumor grading to indicate the degree of involvement of these organs specifically. Intr...
  • 7. Treatment of Neuroendocrine Cancer
  • Summary Treatment options for neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) depend on the type and location of the tumour and whether there are signs and symptoms. Various treatment options for the treatment of NETs include surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted drug therapy, PRRT, and radiation therapy...
  • 8. Coping with treatment of Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Summary Patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) face major challenges whilst undergoing treatment for cancer. Some of the common difficulties faced by the patients due to NETs treatment includes coping with the treatment of cancer, emotional and mental aspects of cancer treatment, and the fin...
  • 9. Follow up care for neuroendocrine tumor treatment
  • Summary Once primary treatment for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) has been completed, survivors usually visit a doctor or cancer care provider for regular check-ups and consultations. here are various types of follow ups for cancer patients such as follow-up for surveillance and screening, assessm...
  • 10. Questions to ask about Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
  • It is essential for the patients to have honest, open discussions with the doctor or the cancer care team. The patient should ask any question, no matter how minor it might seem. Here are some questions patients with NET might want to ask: Common Questions to be asked by patients to the healthca...