Symptoms and Signs of Meningioma

Meningioma patients may exhibit the following symptoms or any of the indicators. Meningioma patients may or may not have any of the alterations. Nevertheless, the origin of a sign could be a medical problem other than a tumor. 

These meningioma symptoms can be caused by the tumor pressing on the brain or the spinal cord, preventing normal brain function, or pushing in the adjacent nerves or the blood vessels. If the meningioma involves surrounding bone, the bone may enlarge. Meningioma is typically not diagnosed until some symptoms or Indicators appear. 

Meningioma symptoms commonly appear gradually and may be highly modest at first. Depending on where the tumor is located in the brain or, in some cases, the spine, Signs and Symptoms may include

  • Changes in eyesight, such as double vision or blurriness.
  • Headache, particularly those that worsen in the morning.
  • Loss of hearing
  • Frequent memory lapses or brain fades. 
  • Sense of smell.
  • Weak arms or legs. 

General symptoms

The general symptoms of a tumor pushing on the brain or the spinal cord :

Motor seizures, often known as convulsions, are sudden involuntary muscle movements. Seizures can be of several sorts, including myoclonic, tonic-clonic, grand mal, sensory, and complex partial. Certain medications can help to prevent or control them. This distinction between various types of seizures is described below. 

Myoclonic – Muscle twitches, jerks, and spasms in one or more muscles. 

Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal) -Consciousness and bodily tone are pretty much lost, followed by twitching and releasing muscle spasms. Control of physical functioning is lost. There may be a brief 30 second period of no breathing, during which the person may turn a shade of blue. A person may also feel sleepy and have a headache, confusion, weakness, numbness, and muscle soreness after having this sort of seizure. 

Sensory: Without losing consciousness, there is a change in how one feels, vision, smells and also hearing abilities. 

  • Complex partial – It can experience a loss of awareness or a partial or entire loss of consciousness. Twitching, for example, maybe connected with recurrent, involuntary movements. Headaches might be very severe and intensify with any activity or in the morning. Changes in personality or memory. Vomiting or Nausea and also Vision hazards.

Symptoms specific to the tumor’s location

Symptoms of falx and parasagittal meningioma

  •  Weakness in the legs
  •  Severe headaches
  • Seizures 

Symptoms of convexity meningioma

  • Seizures
  • Frequent headaches
  • Focal neurological deficits are nerve issues that affect only one or a few body areas. These issues may affect one side of the face, an arm, or a leg. They may also affect the smaller area, such as the tongue. A tumor can also interfere with a specific function. Speech, for example, may be compromised, but not writing skills. It may also result in a loss of mobility or sensation.

Symptoms of sphenoid meningioma

  • Loss of sensation or numbness in the face
  • Loss of sight in areas within the field of vision, blindness, and double vision. 
  • Headaches

Symptoms of olfactory groove meningioma

  • Sense of smell
  • Loss of ability of vision within the field of vision, blindness, double vision
  • Severe Headache 

Symptoms of posterior fossa meningioma

  • Sharp aches in the face, facial numbness, and spasms of the facial muscles
  • Loss of hearing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Trouble walking

Symptoms of suprasellar meningioma

  • Swelling of the optic disk is in the eye’s retina, where nerve fibres form part of the optic nerve.
  • Loss of patches of sight within the field of vision, blindness, double vision

Symptoms of spinal meningioma

  • Severe back pain
  • Pain in the limbs or the chest
  • Numbness and weakness or the arms and legs
  • Difficulties with physical functions of the bowel or bladder.

Symptoms of intraorbital meningioma

  • Bulging of the eye
  • Loss of ability of sight

Symptoms of intraventricular meningioma

  • Personality or memory changes
  • Severe Headaches
  • Dizziness