Researchers are working round the clock to get a better and clear idea about the factors that cause melanoma. They are also researching on the ways to prevent it. However, there is no proven way to prevent the disease from spreading, but you can reduce the risk.
The research activities and projects that the Melanoma Research Alliance and others fund continue to better our understanding of the causes of melanoma and how genetics may play a role in its development.
When you drastically cut down your exposure to Sunlight (UV Radiation), it can lower the risk of developing skin cancer. On a more considerable note, this means avoiding the use of indoor tanning. This is crucial for people of all ages and, more importantly, for those who have/are observing any other risk factors for melanoma.
Sun damage accumulates over some time. Therefore it is essential to take the following precautions to decrease sun exposure and avoid sunburn, eventually reducing the risk of melanoma.
Precautions to take:
Avoid going out frequently or at least limit the exposure to direct sunlight / UV radiations between 10 am to 4 pm.
Always wear sun protective gear, such as a wide brim hat, to screen your face, neck and ears. Clothes manufactured of UV protection factor, UPF-Labelled fabric may provide superior protection. One should also wear sunglasses with UV protection.
Throughout the year, the use of broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor of SPF of at least 30 protects against both UVA and UVB radiations. One should apply at least one ounce of sunscreen to your entire body every 2 hours. Specifically do this if you have come in contact with water or sweats. Sunbathing in the open air, one must avoid or cut down. Doctor’s also do not recommended to use sun lamps, tanning beds and clinics.
Self examination plays a vital role here. However, one should also get his or her skin checked regularly and understand more about melanoma screening. The body’s vitamin D production may be reduced if you get less sun exposure. To synthesize enough vitamin D, people require varying levels of sun exposure depending on their skin colour, region, and other factors. People who get a little sun should consult their doctor about how to get enough vitamin D in their diet, as well as whether or not they should take supplements. A blood test can determine vitamin D levels.