What is a mammogram?
A mammogram is an X-ray examination of the chest. Doctors use mammograms to look for early signs of breast cancer. Regular mammograms are the best tests that doctors need to perform to detect breast cancer early, and sometimes it can take up to three years to feel it.
You are standing in front of a special X-ray machine. The technician places your breasts on a plastic plate. The other plate is firmly pressed against your chest from above. During the X-ray examination, the steel plate flattens the chest and keeps it still. You will feel some pressure. Repeat these steps to get a side view of the chest. The other breast is X-rayed in the same way. You will then wait for the technician to check the four X-rays to make sure there is no need to take the image again. Remember, technologists cannot tell you the results of a mammogram. Each woman’s mammograms looks a little different because all breasts are a little different. Chapter
Mammography is uncomfortable for most women. Some women find it painful. However, mammograms takes only a few minutes and the symptoms will disappear soon. How you feel depends on the skill of the technician, the size of your breasts, and how hard you need to squeeze. When you are menstruating or menstruating, your breasts may be softer. A specially trained doctor called a radiologist will read mammograms. He or she will check the X-rays for any early signs of breast cancer or other problems.
Tips for taking a mammogram
- Try not to take a mammogram one week before or during your menstrual period. Your breasts may become soft or swollen.
- Do not use deodorant, perfume or powder on the day of your mammogram. These products may show up as white spots on X-rays.
- Some women prefer tops with skirts or pants instead of dresses. For mammograms, you need to take off your clothes from the waist up.
When can I get mammogram results?
You will usually receive the results within a few weeks, but it depends on the institution. The radiologist will read your mammograms and share the results with you and your doctor. If there is a problem, the mammography agency will hear from you as soon as possible. If you do not receive the result report within 30 days, please contact your doctor or mammography agency.
What if my mammogram is normal?
Continue the mammograms at the recommended interval. Mammography is the best compared to previous examinations. This allows the radiologist to compare them to look for changes in your breasts.
What if my mammogram is abnormal?
An abnormal mammogram does not always mean cancer is present. However, you will need to have additional mammograms, tests or examinations before the doctor can be sure. You can also be referred to a breast specialist or surgeon. This does not necessarily mean that you have cancer or need surgery. These doctors are experts in diagnosing breast problems. The doctor will perform follow-up tests to diagnose breast cancer or make sure it is not cancerous.