Doctors and scientists constantly seek new and improved ways to treat people with liver cancer. Clinical trials are research studies involving volunteers that doctors conduct to progress science. Various clinical trials were used to examine every drug that has now been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Clinical trials can be effective for all forms and stages of liver cancer. Many people take part in novel treatments to see if they are safe, effective, and maybe superior to present treatments. The number of clinical trials focusing on HCC has increased in recent years. These studies look at novel medications, different treatment combinations, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new treatment strategies.
Clinical trial participants may be among the first to get a treatment before making it available to the general public. A clinical study does, however, carry some risks, such as possible side effects and the possibility that the new medication will not work. People must discuss the benefits and drawbacks of participating in a specific study with their health care team.
Several clinical studies look into new ways to alleviate symptoms and side effects during treatment. Others are looking at ways to deal with long-term side effects following therapy. Consult your doctor regarding symptoms and side effects in clinical trials.
Choosing to participate in a clinical study
People choose to take part in clinical trials for a variety of reasons. A clinical trial may be the greatest therapy choice for some people. People should be ready to risk the uncertainty of a clinical study in the hopes of a better outcome because normal treatments aren’t flawless. Others participate in clinical trials because they understand that they are helping to advance the treatment of HCC. Even if they don’t get anything out of the clinical trial, their participation may help future HCC patients.
Clinical trial costs and insurance coverage vary depending on region and topic. Some organizations compensate for some of the costs of participating in a clinical trial. They aren’t in some cases. Speak with the research team and your insurance provider first to determine if they can reimburse your treatment in a clinical study.
People are sometimes concerned that they will receive no treatment if they are given a placebo or a “sugar pill” in a scientific trial. In most cancer clinical trials, placebos are a part of the regular treatment. It is important to inform the participants when a placebo is a part of the study.
Informed consent and patient safety
Patients must consent to participate in a clinical trial through informed consent. The doctor should conduct the following during informed consent:
- Describe all therapy alternatives so that the person knows how the new treatment differs from the old one.
- List all of the dangers associated with the new treatment, which may or may not differ from the risks associated with usual care.
- Explain what each person will be expected to participate in the clinical study, such as the number of medical visits, tests, and treatment plan.
- Describe the clinical trial’s goals and what the researchers hope to learn.
Clinical trials also contain “eligibility criteria,” which help structure the research and keep patients safe. You and the research team will go over these criteria thoroughly together.
Participants in clinical trials have the right to withdraw at any moment for personal or medical reasons. This could indicate that the new medicine is ineffective or has substantial side effects. Clinical studies are rigorously regulated by experts who watch for any issues. Patients enrolled in a clinical trial must discuss with their doctor and researchers. They will provide their treatment and care after the trial finishes and if the patient decides to leave the experiment before it concludes.