Causes of Liver Cancer

Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver caused by a previous injury. This scarring can wreak havoc on the liver’s ability to function properly, resulting in pain. Hence, hepatic cancer is more likely in people who have cirrhosis. However, the risk varies depending on the cause of cirrhosis. A variety of factors can cause cirrhosis including:

  • Hepatitis B or C is a viral infection.
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Excess iron in the body and fatty liver disease are genetic diseases.
  • Cirrhosis of the bile duct 

Tobacco use

The use of tobacco increases the risk of various malignancies, including liver cancer. Tobacco use also raises the risk of acquiring liver cancer. The risk may be increased in smokers who have hepatitis B or C infection.

Being overweight or obese raises the risk of developing liver cancer. Obese people are more likely to develop diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Heavy alcohol use increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, alcohol may directly impact the DNA of liver cells. Heavy drinkers with hepatitis B or C virus infections have a larger chance of developing liver cancer than those who drink in small amounts or don’t drink at all.

Fatty Liver

Having a fatty liver raises your chances of getting hepatic cancer. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a group of illnesses that includes moderate hepatic steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. In these circumstances, fat accumulates in the liver. 

Cirrhosis may be exacerbated by obesity, which promotes inflammation and damage. It could include the following:

  • Weight gain around the waist
  • Insulin efficiency is lower than average.
  • Blood pressure that is too high
  • High-fat levels in the blood

Infection with the hepatitis B or C virus for an extended period increases the risk of developing primary liver cancer. This is because certain viruses impair the liver. When you drink alcohol when you have hepatitis B or C, your chances of developing liver cancer increase even more.


People who have previously had gallstones or had their gallbladder removed may be at a higher risk of liver cancer. The increasing reason could be increased pressure in the bile duct, which causes long-term inflammation in the liver tissue.