Risk Factors of Lacrimal Gland Tumor

Executive Summary

Risk factors influence the chance of developing cancer (lacrimal gland tumor) among individuals, but individuals with no risk factors also develop cancer. The common risk factors for lacrimal gland tumour include age (found in people who are in their 30s), history of lymphoma (higher risk for people having periocular lymphoma), and partial or incomplete removal of any previous benign tumor (the high possibility that a malignant, aggressive lacrimal gland tumour can occur in people where lacrimal gland tumour was not completely removed).

Risk Factors Associated with Lacrimal Gland Tumor

Risk factors refer to the factors that can increase a person’s chance or probability of developing cancer or any illness. Risk factors are not seen as the direct cause of cancer or disease but can influence its development. We can see that some people with no risk of lacrimal gland tumors develop the disease, whereas some others with several risk factors don’t develop. People should closely watch themselves and understand the factors that can be risky for their health and well-being. A good understanding of the factors that can be risky and communicating it on time with your care provider would help you make better healthcare choices and an informed, comfortable lifestyle.

Below are the factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing a lacrimal gland tumor ​1​:

  • Age: lacrimal gland tumors are mostly found in people who are in their 30s.
  • A history of lymphoma: the risk is higher for people who have a history of lymphoma. These people will be more prone to develop a periocular lymphoma (swelling or inflammation around the eye).
  • Partial or incomplete removal of any previous benign tumor: in some cases, if a benign (non-cancerous) lacrimal gland tumor was not completely removed, there is a high possibility that a malignant, aggressive lacrimal gland tumour can occur in the future. Hence proper evaluation and follow-up care are recommended for people who have undergone a similar surgical procedure to evaluate whether the tumor has been eradicated, leaving no space for any future complications.

References

  1. 1.
    Woo KI, Yeom A, Esmaeli B. Management of Lacrimal Gland Carcinoma. Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. Published online January 2016:1-10. doi:10.1097/iop.0000000000000531