Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

  • 1. What is Hodgkin's Lymphoma?
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma is a rare tumor of the lymphatic system that is one of the most common cancers in young adults​1​. That is why, the disease is characterized by a small number of malignant cells derived from B-lymphocytes and a broad inflammatory microenvironment. This unique etiology and his...
  • 2. Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma is one of the most common lymphomas and is generally considered curable cancer with the use of standard first-line radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Although 90% of patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma can now be cured at all stages, it is still unknown why nor...
  • 3. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Statistics
  • Global incidences of Hodgkin's Lymphoma The incidence of Hodgkin's lymphoma is 2-3 cases per 100,000 individuals per year. Often a peak in the disease rate can be observed in the third decade of life; however, a second peak in the age group over 60 years is also observed​1​. Hodgkin's lympho...
  • 4. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Risk Factors
  • A risk factor affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Generally, different cancers have different risk factors. So, you can change some cancer risk factors, like smoking or being overweight. Others, like a person’s age or family history, can’t be changed. A few risk factors ...
  • 5. Prevention of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Summary Hodgkin’s Lymphoma can be prevented to an extent by limiting the exposure to HIV and Epstein-Barr virus. So, quitting smoking and reducing exposure to pesticide and cancer causing chemicals can reduce the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma. Introduction of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Hodgkin lymp...
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  • 6. Symptoms and Signs of Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Summary Hodgkin's lymphoma, also known as Hodgkin's disease, is a type of lymphoma. Basically Lymphomas are a group of blood cancers that begin in the lymphatic system, this system consists of a network of nodes, organs, and blood vessels throughout the body. So, Hodgkin's lymphoma develops fro...
  • Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • 7. Diagnosis of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Summary Tests and procedures used to diagnose Hodgkin's lymphoma include physical examination, blood tests, imaging tests, bone marrow biopsy, and lymph node biopsy. Introduction Tests and procedures used to diagnose Hodgkin's lymphoma include: A physical exam The healthcare pro...
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  • 8. Stages of Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Summary Based on the Lugano classification derived from the Ann Arbor stage system, Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be classified into Stage I, II, III, and IV where Stage I denotes early stage and Stage IV denotes advanced stage. In addition to the stage numbers, the HL stage can be further classified...
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  • 9. Treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Summary Treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma is very effective, and most people with the condition eventually recover. While there are many treatment options for Hodgkin's lymphoma, the primary treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma is chemotherapy. However, other treatment options such as radiotherapy an...
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  • 10. Clinical Features of Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Hodgkin's Lymphoma is painless lymphadenopathy. There may be systemic symptoms (B symptoms) such as night sweats and weight loss. Other symptoms maya also include Pel-Ebstein fever, alcohol-induced pain, and pruritus. Introduction of Hodgkin's Lymphoma Classic Hodgkin's lymphoma is any lympho...
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  • 11. Latest Research on Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Summary Treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma focuses on implementing standard treatment regimens to reduce long-term side effects and improve survivors' quality of life. Researchers are looking for better ways to treat patients with recurrent cancer. Research on various treatment regimes such as tar...
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  • 12. Coping With Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment
  • Summary Coping With Hodgkin's Lymphoma Treatment is a challenging task for both the patients and the patients family. Patients with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma have to cope with various physical and emotional side effects as well as the financial aspect of cancer treatment. From diagnosis to post-tr...
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  • 13. Long term side effects of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment
  • Summary In malignant Hodgkin's Lymphoma, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are also necessary to treat the disease. Delayed side effects such as hypothyroidism, muscle atrophy, infection, infertility and fatigue are common among patients with Hodgkin's Lymphoma. HL survivors also have an increa...
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  • 14. Follow up care for Hodgkin's Lymphoma Patients
  • Summary Follow-up refers to when even after a person is treated for cancer, the medical team will continue to diagnose Hodgkin's Lymphoma cancer, manage side effects and treatment delays, and monitor the patients' overall health. The patients may need to repeat tests such as a CT scan and a PET...
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  • 15. Survival Rates of Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Summary There is a high incidence and mortality rate of Hodgkin's cancer worldwide. In India, the 5-year overall event-free survival and overall survivals were 77.75% and 92.7%, respectively. The standardized worldwide rates of Hodgkin's lymphoma and mortality in 2012 were 0.9 and 0.3 per 100,00...
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  • 16. Questions to be asked during Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • It is essential for the patients to have honest, open discussions with the doctor or the cancer care team. The patient should ask any question, no matter how minor it might seem. Here are some questions patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma might want to ask: Common Questions to be asked by patients ...
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