Signs and Symptoms of HIV Associated cancer

Executive Summary

HIV or AIDS-related cancer is diagnosed based on their symptoms. The signs and symptoms of HIV or AIDS-associated cancer experienced by the individuals help describe a medical problem. Some of the HIV associated cancer include minor skin lesions to multiple lesions, affecting internal organs and tissues such as the lymph nodes, the digestive tract, and the lungs, unexplained weight loss and fever, diarrhoea and digestive tract problems in the case of Kaposi sarcoma; frequent night sweats, unexplained weight loss and fever, swollen lymph nodes in the groin, underarms and neck, memory loss, fatigue and seizures, sense of fullness in the chest for Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; absence of any symptoms in the early stage, abnormal vaginal bleeding, unusual and foul-smelling vaginal discharge, discomfort during sexual intercourse for cervical cancer, and explained the pain in the anal region, bleeding from the anal area, sudden change in bowel habits, lump or outgrowth in the anal region, and itchiness in the anal region for anal cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of HIV Associated Cancer

Different types of HIV associated cancer cause various symptoms. Some of the HIV associated cancer is mentioned below:

Kaposi sarcoma

  • Lesions range from a few minor skin lesions to multiple lesions.
  • Kaposi sarcoma can affect internal organs and tissues such as the lymph nodes, the digestive tract, and the lungs.
  • Unexplained weight loss and fever.
  • Diarrhoea and digestive tract problems.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Frequent night sweats.
  • Unexplained weight loss and fever.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in groin, underarms and neck.
  • May also be accompanied by memory loss, fatigue and seizures.
  • Sense of fullness in the chest.

Cervical cancer

  • Absence of any symptoms in the early stage.
  • May be accompanied by abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Unusual and foul-smelling vaginal discharge.
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Anal cancer

  • Unexplained pain in the anal region.
  • Bleeding from the anal area.
  • Sudden change in bowel habits.
  • Lump or outgrowth in anal region.
  • Itchiness in the anal region.

Lung cancer

  • Unexplained severe coughing.
  • Presence of blood in sputum
  • Breathing trouble with mild to severe chest pain and fatigue.
  • Unexplained weight loss​1,2​.

References

  1. 1.
    Yarchoan R, Uldrick T. HIV-Associated Cancers and Related Diseases. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(11):1029-1041. doi:10.1056/NEJMra1615896
  2. 2.
    AIDS Related Malignancies. Health. Published 2022. Accessed March 2022. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/hiv-and-aids/aidsrelated-malignancies