Esophageal cancer begins in the cell lines that line the Esophageal. The esophageal is a hollow, 10-inch long, muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is part of a person’s gastrointestinal tract, also known as the digestive system. esophageal cancer begins in the inner layer of the esophageal wall and grows outward. If it spreads through the esophageal wall, it can travel to lymph nodes, the small, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection and the blood vessels in the chest and other nearby organs. It also spreads to the lungs, liver, stomach, and other body parts. There are two types of esophageal cancer involving squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Treatment is similar for both types of esophageal cancer. Other rare esophageal tumors include small cell neuroendocrine cancers, sarcoma, and lymphomas, making up less than 1% of esophageal cancers.
About the Esophageal
The esophageal is a hollow, 10-inch long, muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is part of a person’s gastrointestinal tract, also known as the digestive system. When a person swallows, the esophageal walls squeeze together to push food down into the stomach.
About Esophageal cancer
Cancer starts when healthy cells change and grow out of control, forming a tumor mass. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread. esophageal cancer, also called esophageal cancer, begins in the cells that line the esophageal 1.
Specifically, cancer of the esophageal begins in the inner layer of the esophageal wall and grows outward. If it spreads through the esophageal wall, it can travel to lymph nodes, the small, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection and the blood vessels in the chest and other nearby organs 2. esophageal cancer can also spread to the lungs, liver, stomach, and other body parts.
Types of oesophagal cancer
There are two main types of oesophagal cancer:
- Squamous cell carcinoma – This type of esophageal cancer starts in squamous cells that line the esophageal. It usually develops in the upper and middle parts of the esophageal. Squamous cell tumors are associated with heavy alcohol consumption, smoking and organ transplants.
- Adenocarcinoma – This type begins in the glandular tissue in the lower part of the esophageal, where the esophageal and the stomach come together.Chronic acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett’s esophagus and chronic heartburn can increase your risk of developing adenocarcinoma esophageal cancer.
Treatment is similar for both of these types of esophageal cancer. There are other types of very rare tumors of the esophageal. These include small cell neuroendocrine cancers, sarcoma, and lymphomas, making up less than 1% of esophageal cancers.
Symptoms of esophageal cancer may include:
- Difficulty or pain while swallowing (dysphagia)
- Unintentional weight loss
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Persistent cough or hoarseness
- Heartburn or indigestion
- Vomiting or regurgitation of food
Diagnosis of esophageal cancer typically involves a combination of tests, including an endoscopy to examine the esophagus and collect tissue samples (biopsy) for analysis, imaging tests like CT scans or PET scans to determine the extent of the cancer, and other tests to assess overall health and stage the cancer.
Treatment options for esophageal cancer depend on various factors such as the stage of the cancer, the location of the tumor, overall health, and individual preferences. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches.
Early detection and timely treatment can improve the prognosis and outcomes for patients with esophageal cancer. Regular check-ups, especially for individuals with risk factors or symptoms, can help in the early identification and management of the disease. Consulting with healthcare professionals is crucial for accurate diagnosis, staging, and development of an appropriate treatment plan.
- 1.Smyth EC, Lagergren J, Fitzgerald RC, et al. Oesophageal cancer. Nat Rev Dis Primers. Published online July 27, 2017. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2017.48
- 2.Napier KJ. Esophageal cancer: A Review of epidemiology, pathogenesis, staging workup and treatment modalities. WJGO. Published online 2014:112. doi:10.4251/wjgo.v6.i5.112