Different Diagnosis methods for Prostate Cancer
Distinctive screenings play a crucial role in detecting abnormalities in the prostate, thereby requiring diagnosis.
Prostate Cancer screening
Many reputed organizations suggest that men should consider Prostate Cancer screening at the age of 50 or more. Prostate Cancer screening tests are of two types.
- Digital rectal exam (DRE)- In a DRE, the doctor puts a lubricated and gloved finger directly into the rectum for analyzing your prostate. Irregularities in the shape, texture, and size of the gland can be potentially helpful for understanding the need for additional tests.
- Prostate-specific antigen test- In the PSA blood test, the doctors take a blood sample to detect PSA, a liquid produced by the prostate gland. If the PSA levels in your body are higher than usual, it could be the indication of prostate infection, enlargement of cancer, and inflammation.
- DRE and PSA test blend to help detect Prostate Cancer at initial stages. The additional tests that are recommended after DRE and PSA are as follows.
- Ultrasound- On the detection of different irregularities and abnormalities in the prostate, doctors recommend doing an Ultrasound. Ultrasound plays a vital role in the evaluation of the prostate. Doctors insert a minute probe that is cigar-shaped into the rectum. The probe, furthermore, utilizes ultraviolet rays for creating an image of your prostate glands.
- Prostate tissue sample test- For additional examination, doctors suggest opting for a procedure that involves collecting prostate tissue cell samples. This method is called a prostate Biopsy. Doctors make use of a miniature needle to collect the tissue sample. Lab analysis helps to determine the presence of cancerous cells in the prostate.
- MRI fusion- MRI fusion plays a requisite role in the examination and detection of cancer cells while performing Ultrasound and prostate Biopsy.
Determination of the behavior of prostate cancer
Biopsy determines the cancer presence. Followed by the detection of cancer, determining the aggressive behavior of the cancer cells is crucial. Our reliable laboratory pathologists help detect the behavior of cancer through a prostate tissue sample. Interpreting how many cells are healthy and how many are cancerous can help in analyzing the aggressiveness of cancer. Advanced and aggressive cancers are more likely to spread rapidly to different regions of the body. Most doctors are making use of genomic testing to analyze the risk of cancer and its nature accurately.
Analyzing the affected regions of the cancer
After analyzing the above tests, determining the affected body regions with cancer is essential. Advanced Prostate Cancer can spread to various areas of the body. This can be determined by
- Bone scan
- CT scan (computerized tomography)
- (MRI) Magnetic Resonance imaging
- Positron emission tomography scan (PET)