Diagnosis for Blood Cancer
Diagnosis for Blood cancer
Blood cancer can be diagnosed during a routine checkup or a Blood Test done for some other purpose. People who have acute Blood Cancer show primary cancer symptoms which spread rapidly and are prescribed for tests immediately. These tests can be daunting to understand and go through. However, a little research and consultation with the doctor can make your decision clearer.
1. Blood test
The most common method for Blood Cancer diagnosis is through the means of a Blood Test. These Blood Tests are of different types
- Full Blood Count: This test is conducted to count each kind of blood cells present in your body. These include red blood cells, white blood cells, and Platelets. If the number is alarmingly high or low, then the blood is sent to a specialist for further checkups.
- Peripheral blood films: This test is done to check if your blood cells and Platelets are of the right size or not by observing them under a microscope.
- Infection Screening: This test is done to determine whether the patient is infected with diseases and viruses such as HIV, which might be needed to be treated during the treatment of Blood Cancer.
- Liver tests: If you have blood cancer, you will have to undergo Chemotherapy and take medicines accordingly. For this, the functionality of your liver needs to be tested.
- Urea testing: To determine the condition of the kidneys of the patients, urea is tested before and after Cancer Treatment.
2. Bone Marrow Biopsy
In a Blood Cancer biopsy, a small part of the bone marrow is extracted from the patient’s bones to be observed under a microscope to determine if any abnormal cells are growing in the bone marrow. This is done periodically during the treatment to know the success of the Cancer Treatment.
3. Lymph Node Biopsy
To determine if the person has lymphoma, the person is made to undergo a small operation to extract a small part of the lymph node and examine it.
For the people with suspected myeloma, x-rays are really helpful to examine bones and how Cancer Treatment is affecting them.
In lymphoma, the size of your spleen increases. To examine this, the doctor may suggest an Ultrasound before and after the Cancer Treatment.
6. Chromosomal tests
To test which kind of Cancer Treatment would be best for you, the doctor may conduct a chromosomal test to identify if you have an extra copy of chromosome 8 or 21.