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Common Types Of Cancer In Men

Common Types Of Cancer In Men

Cancer is a terrible condition for anyone. According to the National Cancer Institute of the United States, men are more likely to die from cancer than women. Some types of cancer in men are tougher to treat and harder to identify before they have spread, which may contribute to some of this. Recovery depends on recognizing symptoms and starting therapy as soon as possible. The following are a few of the most prevalent cancers in men that you should be on the lookout for:

 Lung Cancer

Lung cancer holds the highest number of cancer fatalities among men. Unsurprisingly, the most significant risk factors for contracting lung cancer are habitual smoking or, to a lesser extent, long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. It is difficult to notice symptoms of lung cancer at first; it is noticeable when it spreads. 

Symptom of lung cancer

  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood
  • Loud breathing
  • Hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath

Treatment 

Treatment for your cancer depends on how far it has spread and where it formed in the lungs. Talk to your doctor about treatments specifically for your situation.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer typically receives greater attention solely because only males may develop it, even though it is only the second most lethal type of cancer in men. The prostate, a little gland directly beneath a man’s bladder, aids in controlling the body’s pee excretion. It usually takes prostate cancer until it is very advanced before any symptoms become apparent. is thought to be the main factor in roughly 50% of cases of bladder cancer in men.

Symptoms of prostate cancer 

  • Blood in urine
  • Leaking urine
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Noticeable bone pain

Treatment

Prostate cancer treatment typically starts with a period of close monitoring to determine whether the disease has progressed. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other conventional cancer treatments are used to treat aggressive prostate cancer. Thankfully, these therapies are frequently effective! Ninety-eight per cent of prostate cancer patients survived for ten years or more after being diagnosed.

Prostate cancer does not have a single cause, unlike lung cancer. Genetics, age, race, and family history are immutable factors that may endanger your health. Nevertheless, exercising and food may lower your risk by preserving a healthy lifestyle.

Bladder Cancer

Initial bladder cancer symptoms may resemble those of prostate cancer. However, you’re more likely to have persistent desires rather than having trouble urinating. There are various forms of bladder cancer, with transitional cell carcinoma being the most prevalent. Bladder cancer is discovered at an early stage, when it only affects the inner layer of bladder cells in about 50% of men. Because there is currently no universal screening technique, this emphasizes the need to understand the risk factors and symptoms in the hopes of receiving an early diagnosis. It is thought that smoking causes bladder cancer in men in close to 50% of cases.

Symptoms of bladder cancer 

  • Blood in the urine (the most common sign)
  • Blood clots in urine
  • Burning pain in the bladder area
  • Constant urge to urinate

Treatment 

Surgery and intravenous medication injections are the most frequent and efficient bladder cancer therapies. The likelihood that these treatments will be effective increases with the time from diagnosis. And fortunately, the bladder cancer survival rate is still excellent, averaging over 90% five years after diagnosis.

A family history of cancer, regular exposure to hazardous chemicals, and ageing can all be risk factors for bladder cancer. However, the single most significant risk factor is smoking. Smoking is believed to double your risk nearly. Stop smoking to protect yourself from developing bladder cancer, and if you’re a nonsmoker, don’t start.

Colorectal Cancer

Changes in bowel habits are the most frequent symptom of colorectal cancer, which occurs in the colon and rectum. Being overweight or obese, being physically inactive, eating a diet high in red and processed meats, smoking, strong alcohol usage, being older, and having a personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps are some factors that raise the chance of developing colorectal cancer.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer 

  • Stool blood and rectal bleeding
  • Pain in stomach
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • extremely thin stool
  • Unexpected changes in the frequency of bowel movements

Treatment

Early detection is the most effective treatment for colorectal cancer. Cancer polyps or growths that can be removed can be found during colonoscopies and cancer screenings, significantly lowering your risk of later getting full-blown cancer. Treatments for cancer that have already spread will depend on how much it has grown.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle to lower your risk of acquiring colorectal cancer. Eat healthfully, exercise regularly, have cancer tests, don’t smoke (or quit), and have no more than two drinks of alcohol daily.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer, often known as melanoma, is challenging to detect. Usually, symptoms don’t involve any obvious pain or discomfort. Your large moles or freckles may conceal cancer cells, and any new ones that develop are almost undoubtedly malignant. Regularly check your skin, paying particular attention to the soles of your feet and scalp, and note any new moles or open sores that aren’t healing. Pay attention to any moles or freckles you’ve had for a long time; are they changing color or texture? Mainly if melanoma runs in your family, these symptoms may be cancerous. Inform your physician of the changes.

Symptoms of skin cancer 

  •  A wide area of brown with darker speckles
  •  A mole that bleeds, changes color, size, or feels
  • A little lesion that has an erratic border with spots that are red, pink, white, blue, or blue-black
  • A painful lesion that itches or burns

 Treatment 

Surgery can eradicate skin cancer in its early stages, but more advanced instances may need radiation therapy or other intensive therapies. Fortunately, you have more control over the possible dangers of acquiring skin cancer. When spending a lot of time outside, wear sunscreen with a high SPF and take precautions to prevent sunburns. Along with leading a healthy lifestyle, preventing sun damage to your skin will help lower your risk.

Conclusion

Many people are living with cancer longer thanks to new screening recommendations, medications, and other advancements in cancer care. However, the number of persons who have cancer is significant and alarming. 

The list is significantly headed by lung cancer. It’s crucial to be aware of your cancer risks and that some cancers might pose silent threats by not showing symptoms until they are far along in their development. Consult your doctor to know more about your unique risk factors and do everything you can to prevent cancer.

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