Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

  • 1. What is Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • About Leukemia Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. Leukemia begins when healthy blood cells change and grow out of control. Chronic myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a cancer of the blood-forming cells, called myeloid cells, found in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the red, spongy tissue in the inner par...
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • 2. Statistics of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • About 15% of all leukaemia is CML. Most of these are adults, with an average age of diagnosis at 64 years. Around 50% of cases are found in people aged 64 or above. CML is rare in children.  The 5-year survival rate reveals what percent of people live at least five years after the cancer is fou...
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • 4. Risk Factors for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • A risk factor can be anything that influences the development of any cancer. But having a risk factor, or many, does not give certainty of having particular cancer. Some people with no risk factors can also develop cancer.  The cause of CML is unknown, though researchers now understand how the ...
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • 5. Prevention of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • There isn't a known way to prevent most cases of CML. Some kinds of cancer can be prevented by making lifestyle changes and avoiding specific risk factors, but this is not true for most cases of CML. The only potentially avoidable risk factor for CML is exposure to high doses of radiation, which ap...
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  • 6. Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • People having CML may experience the following signs or symptoms. Or, the cause of a symptom can be another medical condition that is not leukaemia. However, CML usually progresses slowly, which means symptoms may not appear for a long time. The symptoms are generally mild at first and get worse ev...
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  • 7. Screening of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Tests for chronic myeloid leukemia: When chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is identified, many people have no symptoms. When their doctor sends blood testing for an unrelated health concern or at a normal check-up, leukemia is frequently discovered. Even when symptoms do exist, they are frequen...
  • 8. Diagnosis of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Many tests are performed to find or diagnose cancer. They also do tests to see if cancer has spread to another part of the body from where it began. If this happens, it is called metastasis. For instance, imaging tests can represent if cancer has spread. Imaging tests show pictures of the body from...
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  • 9. Phases of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia is divided into three phases: chronic, accelerated, or blast to help doctors plan treatment and predict prognosis (the chance of recovery). Chronic phase - The blood and bone marrow contain less than 10% blasts. Blasts are immature white blood cells. This phase can last ...
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • 10. Types of treatment for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • "Standard to care" refers to the best-known treatment. In cancer care, different doctors work together to bring out an overall treatment plan for the patient. This is called a multidisciplinary team.  Treatments recommendations depend on many factors: The size, grade and type of tumourWhethe...
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  • 11. Clinical Trials About Chronic Myeloid leukaemia
  • On the path to finding different ways to treat cancer, various research and trials have been carried out to find safe and effective treatments other than the standard ones. Every drug that is used now was once tested in clinical trials. The clinical studies mainly focus on finding a safe, effective...
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  • 12. Latest Research on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Doctors are learning more about CML, ways to prevent it, the best way to treat it, and how to give the best care to people diagnosed with this disease. The following research areas may comprise new alternatives for patients with the help of clinical trials. Always talk with the doctor about the bes...
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  • 13. Coping with Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • A cancer diagnosis can be overburdening, but you can find ways to cope with stress and uncertainty with time. Whether chemotherapy or radiotherapy, every cancer treatment has its side effects that can cause changes in the body, either physically or mentally. People do not encounter the same side...
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  • 14. Follow-up Care for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Care for a cancer patient does not end with the end of active treatment that was going on. Even after that, the health care team looks after the cancer recurrence, managing the side effects developed due to the treatment and monitoring your overall health. This is called follow up care. Your fol...
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  • 15. Survivorship for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Survivorship can have different meanings for different people. But commonly, it refers to; Having no signs of cancer post-treatmentCancer survivorship initiates from the moment of diagnosis and continues during treatment and throughout a person's life. Survivorship is the most complicated par...
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  • 16. Questions To Ask Your Healthcare Team About Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • When making up your mind about treatment, you must know every detail about the treatment you opt for. It would be best to ask questions about anything about cancer that you don't understand. Don't forget to ask the healthcare team questions during and after the treatment.  Questions to ask a...
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  • 17. Additional Resources for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Here are a few links -  https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/leukemia-chronic-myeloid-cmlhttps://www.cancer.org/cancer/chronic-myeloid-leukemia/about.htmlhttps://www.lls.org/leukemia/chronic-myeloid-leukemiahttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-myelogenous-leukemia/symptoms-caus...
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