Childhood Germ Cell Tumor

  • 1. Introduction on Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Germ cells are unique cells in a developing embryo that become the eggs in the ovaries or the sperm in testicles. Most ovarian tumors and testicular tumors are of germ cell origin. Germ cell tumors are rare and account for 2-4% of all cancers in children and adolescents younger...
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  • 2. Statistics of Childhood Germ Cell Tumour
  • Executive Summary Extracranial, extragonadal Germ Cell Tumour are rare. The germ cell tumors occurring in reproductive organs account for 3% of all tumors in children younger than 15 and about 10% in teens ages 15 to 19. The 5-year survival rate for children younger than 15 with gonadal tumors a...
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  • 3. Risk Factors for Childhood Germ Cell Tumour
  • Executive Summary Risk factors influence the chance of developing cancer (Germ Cell Tumour) among individuals, but individuals with no risk factors also develop cancer. The risk factors increase the risk of the child, of developing an extracranial, gonadal germ cell tumour. The common risk facto...
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  • 4. Prevention of Childhood Germ Cell Tumour
  • There is usually no defined or sure way to prevent Germ Cell Tumour in children. Most of the risk factors include genetic conditions which cannot be changed. Hence, knowing the risk factors, and if you have any, then doing regular screening and tests can help diagnose them earlier ​1​. Refer...
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  • 5. Signs and Symptoms Of Childhood Germ Cell Tumour
  • Executive Summary The Childhood Germ Cell Tumour will have various symptoms and signs. The signs and symptoms of childhood germ cell tumor experienced by the individuals help describe a medical problem. Some of the common symptoms of childhood germ cell tumors include the elevated levels of alph...
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  • 6. Diagnosis of Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Different tests are available to diagnose childhood germ cell tumor development, depending on signs and symptoms, age and health status, types of tumor, and earlier medical tests. Physical examination, imaging tests, and biopsies are the diagnostic approaches for diagnosing chi...
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  • 7. Stages of Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary The childhood germ cell tumor stages help determine the tumor’s location and metastasis. The staging system for childhood germ cell tumor uses diagnostic tests. There are four stages of childhood germ cell tumor – stages I through IV (one through four). Cancer that has come...
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  • 8. Types of Treatment for Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Treatment (Germ Cell Tumor) recommendations depend upon the size, grade and type of tumor, metastasis, possible side effects, and patient’s preferences and overall health. The common treatment for childhood germ cell tumor involves surgery and chemotherapy (systemic chemother...
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  • 9. Clinical Trial About Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Clinical trials are a better method for treating childhood germ cell tumor. The evaluation of new drugs, different combinations of treatments, new approaches to surgery, and new therapies are part of childhood germ cell tumor clinical trials. New treatments with better efficacy...
  • 10. Latest Research On Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Several latest research studies help to get more information on childhood germ cell tumor, related prevention methods, diagnostic process at the initial phase, and best treatment strategies. Additionally, clinical trials are researching new chemotherapy combinations to treat ex...
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  • 11. Coping with the Treatment of Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary The various treatments of childhood germ cell tumors can cause various side effects and changes to the body of the patient. The results of treatment show variations among the patients. Sometimes the same treatment strategy used for a particular disease condition can have vario...
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  • 12. Follow-up Care for Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Care for a cancer patient does not end with the end of active treatment that was going on. Even after that, the health care team looks after the cancer recurrence, managing the side effects developed due to the treatment and monitoring your overall health ​1​. This is calle...
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  • 13. Survivorship for Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • Executive Summary Survivorship begins immediately after the diagnosis of a childhood germ cell tumor. The patients under treatment and whose disease conditions are cured after the treatment are referred to as the cancer survivors. Survival is considered one of the most challenging aspects of chi...
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  • 14. Questions to ask Health Care Team for Childhood Germ Cell Tumor
  • When making up your mind about treatment (Childhood Germ Cell Tumor), you must know every detail about the treatment opted for. It would be best to ask questions about cancer that you do not know anything about. It would be best to have an adult to accompany the child to ask the questions and conce...
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  • 15. Additional resources for Childhood Germ Cell Tumour
  • Here are the link : https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/germ-cell-tumor-childhoodhttps://www.urmc.rochester.edu/childrens-hospital/hemonc/germ-cell.aspxhttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/germ-cell-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20352493 ...