Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

  • 1. Introduction to Childhood Central Nervous system Tumors
  • Executive Summary A Central Nervous system tumor starts when healthy cells within the brain and spinal cord change and start growing uncontrollably, forming a tumor mass. The CNS tumor can be benign or cancerous. It seems problematic as the individual thought process and movements can be affect...
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  • 2. Statistics of Childhood-Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Brain and other central nervous system tumors are the second most common childhood cancers after leukemia. CNS tumors cause 27% of cancer in children younger than 15. The 5-year survival rate for children having a Central Nervous System tumor, excluding benign brain tumors, is...
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  • 4. Risk factors of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Risk factors influence the chance of developing cancer among individuals, but individuals with no risk factors also develop cancer. Different types of Central Nervous System tumors occur in various age groups. Some CNS tumors are more common in children younger than 3. Some of...
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  • 5. Prevention of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Some primary preventive measures are considered essential to reduce the risk of childhood central nervous system tumors. There are no ways to prevent a Central Nervous System tumor through lifestyle changes. Understanding the risk and communicating with the doctor helps the in...
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  • 6. Symptoms of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Children with a Central Nervous System tumor (CNS tumor) are diagnosed based on signs and symptoms. The symptoms and signs of Central Nervous System tumors can affect any brain’s functions and depend on where the tumor is located. Some of the common symptoms of (CNS) tumor in...
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  • 7. Diagnosis of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors are diagnosed based on signs and symptoms. Biopsy is the common diagnostic approach for childhood (CNS) tumors. Imaging tests help determine the type of tumors in the (CNS) among children. Along with physical examination in childre...
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  • 8. Stages and Grades of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary The staging system of the childhood central nervous system helps determine the location of the tumor and its metastasis. It effectively determines the child's prognosis and allows the doctor to plan its treatment. The central nervous system's grade in children helps determine t...
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  • 9. Treatments for Childhood Central Nervous system Tumors
  • Executive Summary The different types of standard treatments for childhood central nervous system tumor are explained in detail. Standard treatments are used along with the integration of effective treatment planning. Clinical trials are used as an innovative treatment approach that combines dif...
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  • 10. Clinical Trials of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Clinical trials are considered a better method for treating childhood central nervous system tumor. The evaluation of new drugs, different combinations of treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new therapies are integrated into central nervous system tu...
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  • 11. Latest Research on Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Several research studies have been conducted to seek more information on childhood central nervous system tumors, their related prevention methods, their diagnostic process at the initial phase, and the best treatments strategies. Doctors have examined new drugs that control tu...
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  • 12. Coping with Treatment of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Childhood Central Nervous System tumor treatment results into causing various side effects and alterations to the patient’s body. The results of treatment show variations as per the individuals. Sometimes the same treatment strategy used for a particular disease condition evo...
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  • 13. Follow up care for Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Children with Central Nervous System tumors should go for regular follow up care even after the end of the treatment. The follow-up cancer is performed for surveillance and screening of cancer, management and assessment of long-term effects as well as for care coordination. ...
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  • 14. Survivorship of ChildhoodvCentral Nervous System Tumors
  • Executive Summary Survivorship begins immediately after the diagnosis of childhood central nervous system tumor. The individuals under treatment and whose disease conditions are cured after the treatment are referred to as the cancer survivors. Survival is considered one of the most challenging ...
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  • 15. Questions for Childhood Central Nervous System Tumor
  • When making up your mind about treatment, you must know every detail about the treatment you opt for. It would be best to ask questions about anything about Central Nervous System Tumor that you don’t understand. Don’t forget that you can ask your healthcare team questions during and after t...
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