Ewing Sarcoma – Childhood and Adolescence

  • 1. Introduction of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Ewing Sarcoma is the cancer of bones and nearby tissues and occurs when normally healthy cells change and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumour mass. It develops in different places depending upon the regions of bone (leg, pelvis, rib, arm, or spine) and soft tissue (thigh, spi...
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  • 2. Statistics of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Around 200 children and teens in the United States are diagnosed with an Ewing sarcoma. It constitutes 1% of all cancers in children and adolescents younger than 15 and 2% in teens aged 15 to 19 years. Almost all cases of Ewing sarcoma happen in white people. The overall 5-yea...
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  • 3. Medical Illustrations for Ewing Sarcoma
  • The Medical Illustrations for Ewing Sarcoma depicts the major bones in the skeleton of a young adult. Bones highlighted include the skull and bones in the torso, like the clavicle, sternum, ribs, sacrum, and vertebrae. The illustration highlights the arm bones, including the humerus, radius, ul...
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  • 4. Risk Factors for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Risk factors influence the chance of developing cancer among individuals, but individuals with no risk factors also develop cancer. Some of the common risk factors that develop the risk of Ewing sarcoma include genetic changes, chromosomal translocation, gender, age, and ethnic...
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  • 5. Prevention of Ewing Sarcoma
  • The only known risk factors for Ewing tumours can’t be changed. There are no known environmental causes or lifestyle-related Ewing tumours, so at this time, there is no way known to protect against this cancer. ...
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  • 6. Symptoms and Signs for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Ewing Sarcoma is diagnosed based on its symptoms. The signs and symptoms of Ewing sarcoma experienced by the individuals help describe a medical problem. Children and younger adults with Ewing sarcoma can experience the signs and symptom. Some of the common symptom of Ewing sar...
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  • 7. Diagnosis of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Different tests are available for Ewing sarcoma diagnosis development, depending on signs and symptoms, age and health status, types of tumor, and earlier medical tests. Physical examination, imaging tests, and biopsies are the common diagnostic approaches for Ewing sarcoma dia...
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  • 8. Stages of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary The stages of Ewing sarcoma help determine the tumor’s location and metastasis. The staging system of Ewing sarcoma uses diagnostic tests. A TNM staging system is used to identify the different stages of Ewing sarcoma. There is no official staging system for Ewing sarcoma. St...
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  • 9. Types of Treatment for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Treatment recommendations depend upon the size, grade and type of tumor, metastasis, possible side effects, and patient’s preferences and overall health. The common treatment for Ewing sarcoma involves chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and stem cell transplantation or...
  • 10. Clinical Trials of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Clinical trials are considered a better method for treating Ewing sarcoma. The evaluation of new drugs, different combinations of treatments, new approaches to radiation therapy or surgery, and new therapies are integrated into clinical trials of Ewing sarcoma. New treatments w...
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  • 11. Latest Research on Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Several research studies have been conducted to seek more information on Ewing sarcoma, related prevention methods, diagnostic process at the initial phase, and best treatments strategies. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is carried out in patients with high doses of radiat...
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  • 12. Coping with Treatment of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Ewing sarcoma treatments result in causing various side effects and alterations to the patient’s body. The results of treatment show variations among the patients. Sometimes the same treatment strategy used for a particular disease condition evolves with different effects. He...
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  • 13. Follow-up Care for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Follow-up care for Ewing sarcoma refers to the after-treatment protocols conducted by the healthcare team to look after recurrence, manage the side effects, and monitor the patients’ overall health. Both medical and physical examinations are included in the follow-up care of ...
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  • 14. Survivorship for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Executive Summary Survivorship begins immediately after the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma. The patients under treatment and whose disease conditions are cured after the treatment are referred to as the cancer survivors. Survival is considered one of the most challenging aspects of Ewing sarcoma, as...
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  • 15. Questions to ask you Healthcare Team about Ewing Sarcoma
  • When making up your mind about Ewing Sarcoma treatment, you must know every detail about the treatment you opt for. It would be best to ask questions about anything about cancer that you don't understand. Don't forget to ask the healthcare team questions during and after the treatment.  Ques...
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  • 16. Additional Resources for Ewing Sarcoma
  • Here are a few links - https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/ewing-sarcoma-childhood-and-adolescencehttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351071#:~:text=Overview,abdomen%2C%20limbs%20or%20other%20locations.https://www.webmd.com/cancer/ewings-sarcomahttp...