Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia is the most common cancer in children. It is the second most common form of leukemia in children after acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Childhood AML is expected during the first two and teenage years. The 5-year survival rate for children under age 15 with AML is 68%, and that for teens aged 15 to 19 is 66%.
Statistics of Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Generally, leukemia is the most common cancer in children. AML is the second most common form of leukemia in children after acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, most cases of AML occur in adults. Childhood AML is common during the first two and teenage years. ALL is diagnosed at similar rates for children of different races and genders 1.
The 5-year survival rate reveals what percent of people live at least five years after the cancer is found. 5-year survival rate for children under age 15 with AML is 68% 2. The 5-year survival rate for teens ages 15 to 19 is 66%. However, the survival rates for Acute myeloid Leukemia vary based on the subtype. For example, research indicates that a subtype called acute promyelocytic leukemia has a 5-year survival rate of more than 80% 3.
- 1.Pui CH, Carroll WL, Meshinchi S, Arceci RJ. Biology, Risk Stratification, and Therapy of Pediatric Acute Leukemias: An Update. JCO. Published online February 10, 2011:551-565. doi:10.1200/jco.2010.30.7405
- 2.Puumala SE, Ross JA, Aplenc R, Spector LG. Epidemiology of childhood acute myeloid leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. Published online January 9, 2013:728-733. doi:10.1002/pbc.24464
- 3.Linabery AM, Ross JA. Trends in childhood cancer incidence in the U.S. (1992–2004). Cancer. Published online 2008:416-432. doi:10.1002/cncr.23169