Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

How is Cervical Cancer diagnosed?

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer will require an immediate diagnosis. The diagnosis of Cervical Cancer is made after detecting certain abnormal growth of cells in the routine checks. List of diagnostic procedures are as follows: Colposcopy: When diagnosed with cervical cancer, the next step is colposcopy. This test looks for abnormalities in the cervix and is conducted by a nurse, who is specifically called a colposcopist. The concerned colposcopist will use a device named speculum to open the woman’s vagina (also a part of cervical screening). Doctors would use a microscope for thorough examination. To understand the growth of cancerous cells, a small part of the tissue is collected as a sample to examine the cervix; the procedure is called a Biopsy. After a Biopsy is done, the patient can encounter vaginal bleeding for a time period of 6 weeks. Remember, not all abnormalities confirm cancer symptoms, so consult a gynecologist for further treatment. After the results of the colposcopy confirm to be positive, the next steps work towards confining the cancer cells and stopping them from spreading to other parts of the body. Some further tests are prescribed for detailed report analysis:

  • Pelvic examination is done under general anesthetic, the womb, vagina, rectum, and bladder will be checked for cancerous cells.
  • Blood tests: Some Blood Tests are done to assess the condition of the liver, kidneys, and bone marrow.
  • CT Scan: A CT scan report will help the oncologist to identify cancerous tumors cells and whether they have started to spread to nearby areas.
  • PET Scan: This test is combined with a CT Scan to see if the cancerous cells have started to grow uncontrollably and also to check if the patient is responding to the current medication prescribed.
  • Pap Smear: Also known as Pap Test, Pap smear is a procedure to test for Cervical Cancer in women. This test involves collecting the cells from the cervix. Early detection of Cervical Cancer through the pap smear test gives you a greater chance for it’s cure.