Friday, September 22, 2023

How is Biopsy used in cancer?

  • Biopsies are performed in various areas of the body and for several reasons. Different types of biopsies and the conditions when they may be performed are mentioned below:
    • Abdominal biopsy: To examine whether a lump in the abdomen is cancerous or benign.
    • Bone biopsy: To diagnose bone cancer.
    • Bone marrow biopsy: To diagnose cancer in the blood, such as Leukemia.
    • Breast biopsy: To examine if a lump in the breast is cancerous or benign.
    • Endometrial biopsy: To examine the lining of the uterus and to diagnose cancer.
    • Kidney biopsy: To evaluate the condition of a failing kidney or a suspected tumor.
    • Liver biopsy: To diagnose diseases of the liver such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, and cancer.
    • Lung or chest nodule biopsy: When an anomaly of the lung is noticed on an x-ray/CT scan.
    • Lymph node biopsy: To examine an enlarged lymph node for cancer diagnosis.
    • Muscle biopsy: To diagnose infections, defects, and diseases of the connective tissue.
    • Nerve biopsy: To examine damage, degeneration, and destruction of the nerve cells.
    • Skin biopsy: To examine a growth or an area on the skin that has changed its appearance.
    • Testicular biopsy: To determine if a lump in the testicles is cancerous or benign.
    • Thyroid biopsy: To find the cause of a nodule in the thyroid gland.
    • Liquid Biopsy: To confirm the presence of cancer cells in the blood or other body fluids.

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