Preventions of Anal Cancer

Executive Summary

Preventive measure for anal cancer is still under research. However, the risk of anal cancer can be reduced to some extent. Effective communication with the healthcare team regarding the risk is necessary. The public must be aware of the information regarding the administration of HPV vaccination. Hence, the tests related to sexually transmitted disease needs to be done regularly.

Preventive measures for Anal Cancer

Different factors cause different types of cancer. Researchers continue to study what factors cause anal cancer, such as Preventions of Anal Cancer. There is no proven way to prevent anal cancer completely, but there may be ways to reduce the risk ​1​. Hence, talk to your health team for more information about your individual’s cancer risk.

  • Talk to your doctor about HPV vaccination ​2​. The HPV vaccine Gardasil is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prevent anal cancer .
  • Anal sex increases the risk of developing HPV and HIV, which may increase the risk of developing anal cancer.
  • Regular tests help prevent exposure and help you know of any diseases. And so, this technique will help you and your doctor know if an anal cancer test is suitable for you.
  • Limit the number of sexual partners. Many partners increase the risk of HPV and HIV infection. 
  • Use a condom during sexual activity. However, while condoms protect from HIV, they cannot be protect HPV entirely.
  • No smoking is also one of the Preventions of Anal Cancer.


  1. 1.
    De V, Clifford G, Nascimento M, Madeleine M, Franceschi S. Prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus in carcinoma and intraepithelial neoplasia of the vulva, vagina and anus: a meta-analysis. Int J Cancer. 2009;124(7):1626-1636. doi:10.1002/ijc.24116
  2. 2.
    Anderson J, Hoy J, Hillman R, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study to determine the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of an HPV-16 therapeutic vaccine in HIV-positive participants with oncogenic HPV infection of the anus. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009;52(3):371-381. doi:10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181b7354c