Anal Cancer

  • 1. Introduction to Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary Anal cancer is the cancer of the anus, which begins when healthy cells of the anus change, forming a tumor mass that can be either cancerous or benign. Different cell types of the anus can become cancerous. Depending on the cell type, anal may be classified into squamous cell c...
  • Anal Cancer
  • 2. Statistics of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The number of Anal Cancer patients have increased in the past few years. Approximately 9,090 adults are diagnosed with Anal Cancer in the regions of United States. The older adults belonging to the age group of early 60s have been most often diagnosed with Anal Cancer. Almost 6...
  • Anal Cancer
  • 3. Risk Factors of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The understanding of risk factors related to the disease and discussing the concerns with the expertise helps in keeping the patient more informed regarding their life and health decisions. Some of the major risk factors responsible for the development of lung cancer include Hu...
  • Anal Cancer
  • 4. Preventions of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary No such preventive measure has been discussed to date for anal cancer. No other way of preventing anal cancer is estimated, but its risk can be reduced to some extent. Effective communication with the healthcare team regarding the risk reduction towards cancer is done. The info...
  • Anal Cancer
  • 5. Screening of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The screening of Anal cancer among the patients is integrated by determining the initial signs and symptoms related to the disease. Anal cytology test (anus smear) is carried out among such individuals who do not have any signs and symptoms for anal cancer but are prone to the...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 6. Sign and Symptoms of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The person affected by anal cancer can be diagnosed on the basis of signs and symptoms. Some common signs and symptoms of anal cancer include bleeding from the anus, pain and compression, itching, swelling, and changes in bowel habits. Signs and symptoms The following sym...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 7. Stages of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The TNM staging system is followed in the diagnosis of anal cancer. Anal cancer comprises five stages ranging from stage 0 (zero) and stages I to IV (1 to 4). The staging system has provided a general way to describe cancer so that doctors can work together to plan the best tre...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 8. Diagnosis of Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary Different tests are being conducted for the diagnosis of anal cancer. The diagnosis is entirely dependent upon suspicious cancer type, signs and symptoms, age and general condition of previous medical tests results. The physical examination in anal cancer diagnosis includes rec...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 9. Treatments for Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary The different types of standard treatments for anal cancer are explained in detail. Standard treatments are used along with the integration of effective treatment planning. Clinical trials are used as an innovative treatment approach that uses the combination of different thera...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 10. Anal Cancer Clinical Trials
  • Executive Summary Clinical trials are considered to be a better method for treating anal cancer. The use of drugs authorized by US Food and Drug Administration are tested among the participants who are the patients of anal cancer. New treatments with better efficacy and safety are the outcome of...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 11. Latest Research on Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary Several research studies have been conducted to seek more information on anal cancer, their related method of prevention, their diagnostic approach at the initial phase, and the best treatments and cure strategies. Checkpoint inhibitors are the critical type of immunotherapy th...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 12. Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • Executive Summary Anal Cancer Treatment results into causing various side effects and alterations to the patient’s body. The results of treatment show variations as per the individuals. Sometimes the same treatment strategy used for a particular disease condition evolves different effects. Hen...
  • Coping with Anal Cancer Treatment
  • 13. Follow-up Care for Anal Cancer
  • Executive Summary  Follow-up care for anal cancer refers to the after-treatment protocols conducted by the healthcare team for looking after any recurrence, managing the side effects and monitoring the overall health of the patients. Both medical and physical examinations are included in the fo...
  • Anal Cancer
  • 14. Survivorship for Anal Cancer
  • Survivorship in cancer refers to including no signs of cancer after the small cell lung cancer cancer treatment. Also, survivorship in cancer involves the conditions of the cancer patients living with, through, and beyond cancer. As per the definition, cancer survivorship begins at diagnosis and co...
  • small cell lung cancer
  • 15. Questions to ask Healthcare team about Anal Cancer
  • When making up your mind about treatment, you must know frequently asked questions and every detail about the treatment you opt for. It would be best to ask questions about anything about cancer that you don't understand. Don't forget to ask the healthcare team questions during and after the tre...
  • frequently asked questions