Statistics of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Executive Summary

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) makes up approximately 1% of cancers. It is the second most common type of leukaemia diagnosed in adults and children, but most cases occur in adults. It makes up 31% of all adult leukaemia cases, and the average age of diagnosis is 68 years, but it can be diagnosed at any age. Around 11,400 deaths have been estimated, while most of the population are adults. The 5-year survival rate for people aged 20 and older with AML is 26%. For people younger than 20, the survival rate is 68%.

Statistics of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

AML is not common, making up around 1% of cancers. AML is the second most common type of leukaemia diagnosed in adults and children, but most cases occur in adults ​1​. AML makes up 31% of all adult leukaemia cases. The average age of diagnosis is 68. AML can be diagnosed at any age.

An estimated 11,400 deaths (6,620 men and boys and 4,780 women and girls) from AML will occur this year ​2​. The majority will be adults.

 The 5-year survival rate reveals what percent of people live at least five years after the cancer is found. The 5-year survival rate for people aged 20 and older with AML is 26% ​3​. For people younger than 20, the survival rate is 68%.

However, survival depends on several factors, including biological features of the disease and, in particular, a patient’s age. Although AML is a severe disease, it is treatable and often curable with chemotherapy with or without a bone marrow/stem cell transplant.

It is noteworthy that statistics on the survival rates for people with AML are estimated.

References

  1. 1.
    Shallis RM, Wang R, Davidoff A, Ma X, Zeidan AM. Epidemiology of acute myeloid leukemia: Recent progress and enduring challenges. Blood Reviews. Published online July 2019:70-87. doi:10.1016/j.blre.2019.04.005
  2. 2.
    Deschler B, Lübbert M. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Epidemiology and Etiology. Acute Leukemias. Published online 2008:47-56. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-72304-2_3
  3. 3.
    Maksimovic N, Zaric M, Gazibara T, et al. Incidence and Mortality Patterns of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Belgrade, Serbia (1999–2013). Medicina. Published online March 20, 2018:5. doi:10.3390/medicina54010005