Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) makes up approximately 1% of cancers. It is the second most common type of leukemia diagnosed in adults and children. However, it is most common among adults. It makes up 31% of all adult leukemia cases, and the average age of diagnosis is 68 years, but it can be diagnosed at any age. In the estimate of around 11,400 deaths most of the population are adults.
Statistics of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
An estimated 11,400 deaths (6,620 men and boys and 4,780 women and girls) from AML will occur this year 2. The 5-year survival rate reveals what percent of people live at least five years after the diagnosis . The 5-year survival rate for people aged 20 and older with AML is 26% 3. For people younger than 20, the survival rate is 68%.
However, survival depends on several factors, including biological features of the disease and, in particular, the age of the patient. Although AML is a severe disease, it is treatable and often curable with chemotherapy with or without a bone marrow/stem cell transplant.
- 1.Deschler B, Lübbert M. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Epidemiology and Etiology. Acute Leukemias. Published online 2008:47-56. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-72304-2_3
- 2.Maksimovic N, Zaric M, Gazibara T, et al. Incidence and Mortality Patterns of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Belgrade, Serbia (1999–2013). Medicina. Published online March 20, 2018:5. doi:10.3390/medicina54010005