Free Cancer Report

Know Your Cancer

Sometimes, observing the signs and symptoms, alone, is not sufficient to confirm cancer. If your doctor suspects cancer, more tests, such as x-rays, PET/CT scans, Blood Tests or a biopsy, will be required. In certain cases, a Biopsy is the best way to be sure of the presence of cancer.

There are three ways to detect cancer early.

Self-examination: Changes always happen in our body. Being aware of our usual body can help us notice when something is different like a cough that is around for a few weeks, or spotting blood in your stool or having a persistent heartburn. We should always keep an eye for such changes and get them checked by the doctor.

Screening Tests: Some commonly used screening tests are colonoscopy, mammography, CA-125, PSA test, and Pap smear test. You can talk to a doctor to understand which cancer-screening tests you should take. It depends on your gender and age.

Confirming early symptoms. Recognizing early symptoms and getting it tested potentially leads to easier and effective Cancer Treatment. For example, if you spot a new mole, have it tested by a dermatologist to ensure it is not an early symptom of melanoma.

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If the cancer is diagnosed early:

  • It increases the chances of prevention of cancer
  • It leads to Cancer Treatment with lower side effects and symptoms
  • It increases the likelihood of effective treatment and complete recovery
  • It decreases cancer mortality and increases the survival rate

If you have a sign or screening test report indicating cancer, your doctor will try to figure out whether it is due to cancer or any other cause. The doctor may begin by asking about your medical history and family history and perform a physical examination. The doctor may also prescribe laboratory tests, imaging examinations, or other tests. You may need a Biopsy as well, which is often the only way to tell for certain if you have cancer.

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Some common cancer diagnostic methods are:

  • Laboratory tests: Laboratory tests include blood, urine, stool or other body fluid examination.
  • Diagnostic imaging: It includes techniques like X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, PET scan, etc.).
  • Endoscopic exams: Examples are Cystoscopy, Colonoscopy, Bronchoscopy.
  • Genetic tests: Genetic tests are most commonly used to check mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which indicate Breast Cancer.
  • Tumour biopsies: Biopsies can be needle, endoscopic, laparoscopic, skin, excisional or incisional, according to technique used.
  • Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

When you are diagnosed with cancer, you should talk frankly and openly with your doctor to understand more about your condition. Here are a few questions you can start with:

  • Which type of cancer do I have?
  • What is the location of the cancer?
  • What are the common symptoms of this type of cancer?
  • How can I prevent or manage the symptom?
  • What is the stage of the cancer? What does this mean?
  • Has cancer spread to my lymph nodes or any other parts of my body?
  • What are my treatment options?
  • Which treatments, or combination of treatments, do you recommend? Why?
  • What is the goal of the treatment? Is it to eliminate the cancer, help me feel better, or both?
  • What are the side effects of the treatment?

Abnormal level of certain substances in our body can be a sign of cancer. Therefore, laboratory tests of blood, urine, or other body fluids, that measure these substances, can help doctors make a cancer diagnosis.

Some of the usual laboratory tests for cancer diagnosis are:

  • Blood chemistry test
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Cancer gene mutation testing
  • Cytogenetic analysis
  • Tumour marker tests
  • Urinalysis

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

Diagnostic imaging is the process by which valuable images of body structures and organs are developed. It is used to identify or diagnose tumours and other anomalies. It helps to evaluate the severity of the disease and to measure treatment efficacy.

Some common imaging techniques are:

  • X-Ray
  • CT scan
  • Mammogram
  • UltraSound
  • MRI
  • PET Scan
  • Nuclear Medicine Scan

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

An endoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a light at the end, and a lens or a small video camera. It is used to look into the organs of the oesophagus, liver, duodenum, lung, or rectum. It may also be used to take out body tissues for further testing.

Some of the common endoscopies and the organs examined are:

  • Colonoscopy: Large intestine and rectum
  • Bronchoscopy: Lungs including the bronchi
  • Cystoscopy: Urinary bladder and urethra
  • Laryngoscopy: Larynx, a part of the throat
  • Sigmoidoscopy: Sigmoid colon (end the large intestine)and the rectum

Genetic testing assists in evaluating your lifetime chances of developing cancer. It does this by looking for specific alterations in your genes, chromosomes, or proteins. Those alterations are called mutations. Genetic testing is the use of medical exams to search a person's genes for certain mutations.

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your diagnostic process. To book any genetic diagnostic test with us please share your details here.

A Biopsy is a medical procedure that involves taking a small sample of tissue to examine under a microscope. A tissue sample is usually taken from the location of the cancer.

Different types of biopsies include:

  • Needle biopsy
  • Excisional or incisional biopsy
  • Endoscopic biopsy
  • Laparoscopic, thoracoscopic, and mediastinoscopic biopsy
  • Laparotomy and thoracotomy
  • Skin Biopsies
  • Bone marrow biopsies

Yes. A Biopsy can confirm the stage of cancer. Biopsy results help your doctor determine whether the tumour cells are cancerous or not. If the cells are cancerous, the results of the Biopsy may tell where the cancer has originated. It also helps your doctor determine the grade of the cancer.

Mammography is a process of taking an X-Ray picture of the breast, also known as a mammogram. A mammogram is highly effective in looking for early signs of Breast Cancer. Even if you get a normal mammogram, you should continue taking them at regular intervals, as this would allow the doctors to compare changes in the breast and confirm a diagnosis.

Our onco-experts at ZenOnco.io can guide you through your mammography process. To book a mammography test with us, please share your details here.

Women ages 40 to 44: Start annual Breast Cancer screening with mammograms (if they wish to).

Women age 45 to 54: Should get mammograms every year.

Women 55 and older: Should switch to mammograms every 2 years, or can continue yearly screening.

Pap smear test is a procedure to diagnose Cervical Cancer. A small brush or spatula is used to extract cells from the cervix. These cells are then examined under a microscope to identify Cervical Cancer or cell changes that can lead to Cervical Cancer. It may also help to detect other conditions, such as infections from human papillomavirus (HPV).

It is advisable to contact a skilled and experienced medical professional to receive accurate advice and timely treatment for cancer. If you approach an unqualified person, it may delay proper treatment, which may lead to the progression of your illness.

In most cases, people are not aware of the signs and symptoms of cancer and therefore do not approach medical support in time. Sometimes, it takes a lot of time for cancer cells to multiply and produce billions of cells before a tumour becomes big enough to be detected. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of cancer signs, self-examination techniques and taking regular cancer screening tests.

Cancer is also not a single disease, but it is a category of diseases and each type of cancer is different from the other. For example, Blood Cancer is very different from Skin Cancer. Therefore, just as there is no universal way of treating cancer, there is no universal way of detecting it, either.