Free Cancer Report

Know Your Cancer

There are several ways of treatment for cancer. The types of treatment you receive will be based on the location of your cancer and how advanced the cancer is. Some people need only one type of treatment. However, most people need a combination of treatments, like Chemotherapy with Surgery or radiation therapy, or both. You may also need immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or Hormone therapy. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) also has a crucial role in the treatment of cancer.

At ZenOnco.io, we ensure quick consultations with doctors. To consult an oncologist now, please share your details here.

Yes, early detection and treatment of cancers may lead to complete cancer cure. According to doctors, cancer is considered to be cured when it does not show any trace for five continuous years. With daily evolving diagnostic and treatment methods, cancer cure is now becoming more attainable. Integrative cancer care that includes both standard Cancer Treatment and complementary cancer care work together in achieving a higher percentage of cancer cure. At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

It has been seen that sometimes cancerous tumours disappear on its own. It does not mean that the cancer has cured itself. In such situations, it is very important to consult a doctor to look for the origin of the cancer or the next target of the cancer. It is also wrong to wait for a cancer to cure itself. Untreated cancer can lead to worse symptoms and even the end of life.

When a patient is diagnosed with cancer, the oncologist considers the following to determine the best course of treatment:

  • Type, Stage and Grade of the cancer
  • Available treatments for cancer.
  • Other medical conditions of the patient.
  • The overall health of the patient.
  • Decision and consent of the patient.

At ZenOnco.io, we ensure quick consultations with doctors. To consult an oncologist now, please share your details here.

Two persons might have the same types of cancer but each cancer has its own genetic identity, created by the DNA in its cells. Even in a tiny tumour, there are billions of cells, each different from the other. Someone's cancers may grow and spread faster compared to others. Therefore, they respond to treatment in different ways. Many cancers are best treated with surgery; some respond more to Chemotherapy. Often two or more therapies are used to achieve the best outcomes.

Childhood cancers are not identical to adult cancers. Children's bodies and the way they respond to treatments are different. Children's cancer cells respond better than adults do to the treatments. Children can often tolerate larger doses of chemo drugs for shorter periods before side effects occur. In comparison with adults, children seem to recover fully sooner from treatments.

It is a misconception that treatment can be dangerous to many people. It influences whether they decide to get treatment for cancer or not. People who believe that treatment is worse than cancer may not receive care that can save their lives. If cancer progresses without care, the symptoms worsen and new symptoms develop over time. Later, in the course of cancer, curative care may not be an option any more.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

When Cancer Treatment ends, people begin a new chapter in their lives, one that can bring hope and happiness. At times, you may be concerned that the cancer might come back. You might have some physical or mental limitations. Nevertheless, surviving cancer is a major accomplishment and it will result in a continuous growth of your inner strength.

Remission means your cancer signs and symptoms are decreased. It can be partial or full remission. All signs and symptoms of cancer vanish during a full remission. According to doctors, your cancer is cured, if you live in full remission for five years or longer.

Sometimes, cancer may come back after its initial treatment. This is called a cancer recurrence or a cancer relapse. The probable relapse is because a few of the original cancer cells may have survived the initial treatment. Sometimes, it seems like a relapse because cancer cells spread to other areas of the body, and were too small to be identified during initial follow-ups. At ZenOnco.io, we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

The basic Cancer Treatment modalities include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Complementary and Alternative Therapy (CAM)

Sometimes one modality is enough for Cancer Treatment. At other times a combination of two or more methods are used for effective treatment. For faster and enhanced cancer management, conventional Cancer Treatment is used in combination with CAM; it is called Integrative cancer care.

At ZenOnco.io,we aim to extend life and improve the quality of life for cancer patients through integrative oncology treatment. To know more about our approaches give us call at +91-9372976783 or share your details here.

Cancer Surgery means removing the tumour and adjacent tissue during an operation. It is usually done by the onco-surgeon, who cuts into the body and removes the cancer along with some healthy tissue in the surrounding region, to ensure that the cancer is removed. The surgeon may also remove certain lymph nodes in the area to determine if the cancer has spread.

Chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer, which uses medicine to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs disrupt the growth and division of cancer cells. Most Chemotherapy drugs are transmitted through the blood. Which means they can enter cancer cells in any part of the body. Chemotherapy drugs affect some of your body's healthy cells as well. These healthy cells can normally recover from Chemotherapy damage. However, cancer cells cannot recover and eventually they die.

Radiation therapy (also known as radiotherapy) is a treatment for cancer that uses high radiation doses to kill cancer cells and reduce tumours. Radiation therapy kills cancer cells by damaging their DNA, which slows their growth. Cancer cells whose DNA is impaired, either stop dividing or die. When the damaged cells die, the body breaks them down and removes them. Radiation therapy does not immediately kill cancer cells. Treatment takes days or weeks before DNA is destroyed enough to destroy cancer cells.

Hormone therapy is used to stop or decrease the development of cancer tumours by blocking the ability of the body to produce hormones or by interfering with hormone action. Hormone therapy is mostly used in the treatment of breast, prostate and endometrial cancers. Hormone therapy may reduce the chance that cancer will return. It may also be used to reduce symptoms in men with prostate cancer, who are unable to perform Surgery or undergo Radiation therapy.

Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses an individual's immune system to fight cancer. It can enhance or change the functioning of the immune system so that it can find and attack cancer cells. Some types of cancer Immunotherapy include targeted antibodies, cancer vaccines, adoptive cell transfer, or tumour-infecting viruses. Immunotherapy is used for Cancer Treatment as well as for prevention. To improve the effectiveness of immunotherapy, it is used in combination with surgery, Chemotherapy or Radiation therapy.

Sometimes, surgeons use small , thin blades, or scalpels, and other sharp tools to cut off the body during surgeries. Often, Surgery requires cutting through the skin, muscles and sometimes bone.The surgeon extracts the whole cancer or a part of it, while you are under anaesthesia. Usually some healthy tissue around the cancer is also removed. Removing this healthy tissue helps improve the chances of removing all of the cancer.Occasionally, the surgeon can also cut lymph nodes or other tissues near the tumour to examine and confirm whether the cancer has spread.

Surgery works best for solid tumours that are encompassedtogether in specific location. It is a local procedure, meaning, Surgery is performed to treat that only part of the body where the cancer is located.Surgery is not used to treat leukaemia or any form of blood cancers.

Some side effects may occur during and after Surgery. Usually, these side effects are not expected to be life threatening. You may have:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to nearby tissues
  • Drug reactions
  • Damage to other organs
  • Pain
  • Infections
  • Slow recovery of other body functions

Usually Surgery is performed after giving appropriate anaesthesia. Therefore, no Pain is felt during the procedure. However, after surgery, almost everyone has a certain amount of discomfort. Level of Pain depend on the type of surgery, size of the tumour and also your ability to tolerate. There are many ways to treat the surgical pain, using medicines or complementary therapies.

The probability of your cancer being cured by Chemotherapy depends on what type of cancer you have. Testicular cancer and Hodgkin Lymphoma are examples of cancers where Chemotherapy works very well. Sometimes, Chemotherapy cannot cure cancer on its own. However, combined with other treatment methods, its effectiveness increases. For example, many people with breast or bowel cancer have Chemotherapy after surgery, to help reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.

Chemotherapy is usually not a one-time treatment. You may have to complete a course of chemotherapy, which includes several Chemotherapy cycles. One Chemotherapy course usually takes 3 to 6 months. Each course may have 4 to 8 cycles of treatment at regular intervals.

Chemotherapy can be given daily, weekly, or monthly. However, it is given at regular intervals or cycles. For example, you may have Chemotherapy in the first two weeks, and then have a break for one week. You will again start chemo in the fourth week, making it a cycle that lasts for three weeks. The break time helps your body to develop new healthy cells and to recover energy.

Each session of Chemotherapy varies in length and frequency, and depends on your treatment plan. One session may take half-an-hour to five hours. A day before your planned Chemotherapy session, you may have to undergo some Blood Tests to ensure whether a session of Chemotherapy can be completed. Sometimes, depending on your blood results, a Chemotherapy session may be postponed or cancelled.

Chemotherapy is a personalised experience. Each person responds to Chemotherapy in a unique way, physically as well as emotionally. Each person experiences side effects differently. Different Chemotherapy drugs cause different types of side effects. Fortunately, as cancer research has progressed, so has the technology of treating side effects of treatment. They can be managed by using various clinical as well as non-clinical therapies.

Below are some of the more common chemotherapy-induced side effects:

  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Anemia
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Appetite changes
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight changes

Chemotherapy does not cause any Pain while being administered. If you experience any pain, contact the nurse taking care of you to check your IV line.Some Chemotherapy medications can cause unpleasant side effects, such as muscle and joint pain, headaches and Pain in the stomach. This type of Pain can be managed after treatment ends. Your doctor will tell you what medicines to use to relieve the Pain. Complementary therapies can also be used to manage such side effects.

Every person experiences Chemotherapy differently, physically as well as emotionally. Fortunately, as Cancer Treatment science has advanced, so has the science of administering side effects of treatment. In the first few hours after chemotherapy, most people feel fine. Some side effects like Nausea and Vomiting and breathing trouble usually happen around four to six hours later. At times, after treatment, some people do not react until 12 or even 24 to 48 hours. Some people suffer from multiple side effects while some suffer none.

Your oncologist will monitor the reaction of your body during and after the Chemotherapy cycles. To decide whether the tumour is shrinking or growing, they can use tests such as physical examinations, Blood Tests or imaging scans like X-rays and CT scans. If your treatment is not working, your doctor might change your Chemotherapy dose or supplement chemo with other treatments.

Side effects do not indicate whether a treatment is working or not. Side effects are unwanted, adverse effects, which are caused when treatments damage healthy cells along with cancer cells. A patient may respond to treatment with or without side effects. Sometimes, a patient may not respond to a treatment even with side effects. To determine the effectiveness of a cancer treatment, doctors generally conduct imaging scans to assess the size of the tumour, after every two to four treatment procedures.

Radiation therapy are of two types:

External-beam Radiation therapy treats the tumour using radiation by a machine outside the body. Every session is fast and painless, and lasts about 15 minutes. People typically have treatment sessions 5 times a week. This schedule runs for three to nine weeks. This kind of Radiation therapy only targets the tumor. But some healthy tissue around the tumor will also be affected. Each week, the 2-day treatment break helps the body to repair the damaged health cells.

Internal radiation therapyis also known as brachytherapy. This includes the placement of either temporary or permanent radioactive sources in the tumor location. You will typically get repeated therapies over a number of days or weeks. It may require a brief stay in the hospital. You may need anesthesia to block Pain while placing the radioactive sources inside the body. During treatment most people feel little to no discomfort. But, due to anaesthesia, some may experience weakness or Nausea.

Radiotherapy can be used for many types of cancer. A few of them are head and neck cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, brain tumour, breast cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, eye cancer, thyroid cancer, pancreatic cancer, bone cancer, Lymphoma and leukaemia.

Radiation therapy could be used in the early stages of cancer as well as after it has started to spread. Radiotherapy is generally considered the most effective treatment for cancer after surgery, but how well it works varies from individual to individual.

Every Radiation therapy session lasts about 15 minutes. It is fast and painless. People usually have treatment sessions for 5 days in a week. This schedule runs for three to nine weeks.

Some common side effects of Radiotherapy are:

  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Skin changes
  • Throat changes, such as trouble swallowing
  • Diarrhoea
  • Urinary and bladder changes
  • Fertility problems

Hair follicles are highly sensitive to radiation, and your treatment may cause Hair loss. Most patients will experience Hair loss about three weeks after the start of the radiation within the treatment area. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, depending on how much radiation you receive and other treatments you may have, like Chemotherapy. If your Hair loss is temporary, it is likely to regrow from three to six months after completion of your procedure.

After a few weeks of radiation therapy, most people start feeling tired. That is because Radiation therapy is damaging the healthy cells as well as the cancer cells. Normally, Fatigue gets worse as treatment continues. Stress from being sick, and frequent hospital trips can worsen Fatigue. Managing tiredness is an important aspect of treatment. A Complementary and Alternative Medicine approach (CAM) can effectively manage cancer-related Fatigue.

Most patients have no feeling of radiation when the treatment is being given. A few patients report a slight sensation of heating or tingling in the area when the radiation machine is running. The skin in the area being treated may slowly get dry, sore, or itchy over time. Such sensations can be unpleasant but are tolerable and does not disrupt a person's treatment.

Hormone therapy includes taking medicines that stop cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to develop. In some cases, doctors surgically remove the gland responsible for hormone production. Your doctors can combine Hormone therapy with other cancer treatments, such as Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy.

The duration of hormonal therapy depends on if you were taking it before or started taking after Surgery. It also depends on the types and stage of the cancer and any side effects you may have. For instance, in some cases of breast cancer, your doctor may recommend that you followone specific hormonal medicine continuously for 5 years and continue with another one for next 5 years.Again, in Prostate Cancer it is seen that hormonal therapy is prescribed for 6 months, 18 months or 3 years.

Since Hormone therapy interferes with the functioning of specific hormones in the body, it can cause side effects. For example, Hormone therapy medications used to cure Prostate Cancer may cause erectile dysfunction.

Some potential side effects of Hormone therapy include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Hot flashes
  • Loss of bone density
  • Weight gain
  • Mood swings

Hormonal cancer therapy can sometimes cause a person's hair to get thinner. It normally does not cause complete loss of hair. After starting therapy, the hair can get thinner in about several months or it may occur after few years.

The following hormonal treatments have a higher risk of inducing Hair loss.

  • Anastrozole
  • Fulvestrant
  • Letrozole
  • Octreotide
  • Tamoxifen

Immunotherapy may be given in the following ways:

  • Intravenously
  • Orally
  • Topically
  • Intravesically

Cancers that are commonly treated with Immunotherapy include:

  • Lung cancer
  • Some skin cancers (particularly melanoma)
  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Head and neck cancers
  • Lymphoma

Duration for Immunotherapy treatment depends on the type of cancer being treated, how advanced it is and your goal of treatment. Sometimes, two Immunotherapy medications are administered together. In a repeating cycle, you may get Immunotherapy treatment every 2-3 weeks, with each treatment period followed with a rest period. Sometimes, even long after the treatment ends, Immunotherapy medicines keep working.

Some common side effects of Immunotherapy are:

  • Skin reactions
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Muscle aches
  • Shortness of breath and trouble breathing
  • Swelling of legs
  • Sinus congestion
  • Headaches
  • Diarrhoea

Immunotherapy drugs may cause slower hair growth, hair thinning, or dry and brittle hair. Some drugs like CTLA-4 and PD-1 receptor inhibitors may cause complete Hair loss. Hair loss can develop between a few weeks to 2 to 3 months after starting treatment. Sometimes Immunotherapy drugs cause unwanted hair growth in different areas of the body, rather than Hair loss. For instance, excessive hair on the face or long, curly eyelashes may develop.