Cancer is one of the cursed diseases in our world. You may have noticed that in earlier days for cancer there is no tablets or treatment. But now we have many technologies which can cure the cancer or reduce the risk of cancer. Cancer also can be avoided by the cancer screening test. The main goal of cancer screening is to find cancer in an earlier stage. So that it is more comfortable to cure particular cancer. There are many cancer screening tests available on our earth. This article will give different types of the screening test.
Types of screenings:
Colorectal cancer: This cancer is caused by the growth of abnormal colon (polyps). The primary screening test for colorectal cancer is Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy. This test is used to detect and to prevent this cancer from its first place. Professionals recommended that in adults, screening of this cancer begins from age 50 to 75.
Lung cancer: Heavy smokers mainly cause lung cancer. The screening test for lung cancer is low dose helical computed tomography. This test is used to detect lung cancer for heavy smokers from the age of 55 to 74. This test is not a routine screening.
Breast cancer: This cancer is more frequent among women. The screening test for breast cancer is mammography. It is a kind of x-rays used to detect breast cancer. Mammography reduces the death rate of women at the age between 40 and 75 who were affected by this kind of cancer.
Cervical cancer: Pap test and human papillomavirus (HPV) test are two tests used to detect and prevent cervical cancer. This testing is recommended until women attain 65 age. These two can be done in combination or alone. Usually, the doctors collect the cells from the cervix and tested for any abnormalities. For every three years, this test is recommended.
Liver cancer: The screening test for liver cancer is the Alpha-fetoprotein blood test that is used to detect liver cancer. This test is used and combined with the ultrasound of the liver to identify liver cancer.
Ovarian cancer: For ovarian cancer CA-125 test is necessary. It is a kind of blood test. Along with this test, a transvaginal ultrasound is used to detect this type of cancer in women. This testing mostly reduces the risk of this cancer.
Prostate cancer: This is one of cancer caused to men. PSA test is a blood test. With this blood test, digital rectal exam was combined and used to detect prostate cancer in men at an earlier stage itself. Most of the experts suggest that it is not a routine test.
Skin cancer: One of the most common diseases is skin cancer. For skin cancer, the skin test is necessary. The people who are affected by skin cancer should analysis their skin by experts or professionals. If there is an unexpected change in the skin, such as a newly appeared mole or any change in an already existing mole, people should inform the doctors to avoid the risk of skin cancer.
These are the few screening tests that are available to detect cancer at an earlier stage. Always keep in mind that for any problems prevention is the main thing which is better than cure. So one should be aware of all the screening tests to avoid the risk of cancer. So be aware!!!