Diagnostic Tests for Cancer
There are many different ways to make a cancer diagnosis. Diagnostic tools are developed, and existing methods have improved with time. If your doctor suspects cancer, he or she will order diagnostic tests. These tests can either be performed by your doctor or an oncologist at a cancer care centre or hospital for cancer. Various cancers are found in various ways. Detailed examinations are performed to diagnose cancer.
Cancer detection is a multi-stage method. Even a specialist can find it difficult to classify some types of cancers such as lymphomas. Knowing the exact type of cancer of a patient enables oncologists to choose the best treatment for them. A pathologist’s assessment is the basis for the final diagnosis of cancer.
Diagnosis of cancer is important during the entire cancer journey of each patient. Diagnosis tracks the size of the tumour, the progression of the disease and the patient’s reaction to treatment during therapies. It guide’s the doctors to change the course of care when necessary. After treatment, diagnosis help prevention or recurrence of cancer and identification and management of the side effects
The most common diagnostic methods include:
- Physical exam. Your doctor can feel lumps in areas of your body that may suggest a tumour. During a physical examination, he or she may check for anomalies that may signify the existence of cancer, such as changes in skin colour or an organ enlargement.
- Laboratory tests. Laboratory tests, such as urine and blood tests, may help your doctor recognize cancer-causing abnormalities. For example, a popular blood test known as complete blood count can show an unusual number or form of white blood cells in people with leukaemia.
- Imaging tests. Imaging tests require non-invasive examination of your bones and internal organs by your doctor. Imaging tests used in cancer diagnosis include, among others, a computerized tomography (CT) scan, bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scan, ultrasound and X-ray scan.
- Biopsy. During a biopsy, the doctor will extract a sample of cells for laboratory examination. There are different ways to collect a sample. What biopsy technique is correct for you depends on your cancer form and where it is located. In certain cases, a biopsy is the best way to diagnose cancer once and for all.
How we can help with a cancer diagnosis?
- Our cancer specialists can guide you to choose the effective diagnostic tests depending on your signs and symptoms.
- Depending on the diagnostic test you need, we can connect you to the best diagnostic centre and even make an appointment on your behalf.
- We can guide you to find the nearest diagnostic centre or even arrange collection of sample from home, in some situations.
- Booking a diagnostic test with us saves cost up to 25% less.